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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Zimbabwe

Republic of Zimbabwe
13 other official names
Motto: "Unity, Freedom, Work"[1]
Anthem: "Blessed be the land of Zimbabwe"[2]
Location of Zimbabwe (dark green)
Location of Zimbabwe (dark green)
Capital
and largest city
Harare
17°49′45″S 31°03′08″E / 17.82917°S 31.05222°E / -17.82917; 31.05222
Official languages16 languages:[3]
Ethnic groups
(2012 Census[4])
Religion
(2017)[5]
Demonym(s)Zimbabwean
Zimbo[6] (colloquial)
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential republic
• President
Emmerson Mnangagwa
Constantino Chiwenga
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Independence from the United Kingdom
• Declared
11 November 1965
• Republic
2 March 1970
1 June 1979
18 April 1980
15 May 2013
Area
• Total
390,757 km2 (150,872 sq mi) (60th)
• Water (%)
1
Population
• 2019 estimate
15,092,171[7] (74th)
• 2012 census
12,973,808[8]
• Density
26/km2 (67.3/sq mi) (170th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
$38.077 billion
• Per capita
$2,523[9]
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
$34.727 billion
• Per capita
$2,301[9]
Gini (2019)Negative increase 50.3[10]
high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.571[11]
medium · 150th
CurrencyZimbabwean dollar
U.S. dollar ($) (USD)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT[12])
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+263
ISO 3166 codeZW
Internet TLD.zw

Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in Southeast Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the south-west, Zambia to the north, and Mozambique to the east. The capital and largest city is Harare. The second largest city is Bulawayo. A country of roughly 15 million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most common. It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its great prosperity.