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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Zaire

Republic of Zaire[a]
République du Zaïre  (French)
Repubilika ya Zaïre  (Kituba)
Republíki ya Zaïre  (Lingala)
Jamhuri ya Zaïre  (Swahili)
Ditunga dia Zaïre  (Luba-Lulua)
Coat of arms of Zaire
Coat of arms
Motto: Paix — Justice — Travail[1]  
"Peace — Justice — Work"
Anthem: La Zaïroise
"The Song of Zaire"
Location of Zaire
and largest city
4°19′S 15°19′E / 4.317°S 15.317°E / -4.317; 15.317
Official languagesFrench
Recognised national languages
Ethnic groups
See Ethnic groups section below
GovernmentUnitary Marxist-Leninist Mobutist one-party[d] presidential republic under a totalitarian military dictatorship
• 1971–1997
Mobutu Sese Seko
LegislatureLegislative Council
Historical eraCold War
24 November 1965
• Country renamed
27 October 1971
15 August 1974
• Country renamed back following the First Congo War
16 May 1997
• Total
2,345,409 km2 (905,567 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 1971
• 1996
GDP (nominal)1983 estimate
• Total
Increase $83 billion[2]
HDI (1990)0.294[6]
CurrencyZaïre (ZRN)
Time zoneUTC+1 to +2 (WAT and CAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+243
ISO 3166 codeZR
Internet TLD.zr
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Today part ofDemocratic Republic of the Congo
  1. ^ Renamed from "Democratic Republic of the Congo" (République démocratique du Congo) on 27 October 1971.
  2. ^ Changed from Léopoldville in 1966.
  3. ^ "Kikongo" here is actually referring to the Kituba language – which is known as Kikongo ya leta by its speakers – not the Kongo language proper. The confusion arises from the fact that the government of the Zaire officially recognized and referred to the language simply as "Kikongo".
  4. ^ Zaire became a de jure one-party state on 23 December 1970,[3] but had been a de facto one-party state since 20 May 1967, the date on which the MPR (Mouvement Populaire de la Revolution) was established. Zaire formally adopted a multiparty system on 24 April 1990,[4] when Mobutu delivered a speech proclaiming the end of the one-party system. The country adopted a three-party system de jure with the enactment of Law No. 90-002 of 5 July 1990, which amended its constitution accordingly, but retained the one-party system of the MPR de facto.[citation needed]


Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire, was the name of a sovereign state between 1971 and 1997 in Central Africa that was previously and is now again known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It was, by area, the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa, the third-largest in all of Africa, and the 11th-largest in the world. With a population of over 23 million inhabitants, Zaire was the most-populous officially Francophone country in Africa, as well as one of the most populous in Africa.