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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Zaire

Republic of Zaire[a]
République du Zaïre  (French)
Repubilika ya Zaïre  (Kituba)
Republíki ya Zaïre  (Lingala)
Jamhuri ya Zaïre  (Swahili)
Ditunga dia Zaïre  (Luba-Lulua)
1971–1997
Coat of arms of Zaire
Coat of arms
Motto: Paix — Justice — Travail[1]  
"Peace — Justice — Work"
Anthem: La Zaïroise
"The Song of Zaire"
Location of Zaire
Capital
and largest city
Kinshasa[b]
4°19′S 15°19′E / 4.317°S 15.317°E / -4.317; 15.317
Official languagesFrench
Recognised national languages
Ethnic groups
See Ethnic groups section below
Religion
(1986)[2]
Demonym(s)Zairian
GovernmentUnitary Mobutist one-party[d] presidential republic under a totalitarian military dictatorship
President 
• 1971–1997
Mobutu Sese Seko
LegislatureLegislative Council
Historical eraCold War
24 November 1965
• Country renamed
27 October 1971
15 August 1974
• Country renamed back following the First Congo War
16 May 1997
Area
• Total
2,345,409 km2 (905,567 sq mi)
• Water (%)
3.32
Population
• 1971
18,400,000[5]
• 1996
46,498,539
GDP (nominal)1983 estimate
• Total
Increase $83 billion[2]
HDI (1990)0.294[6]
low
CurrencyZaïre (ZRN)
Time zoneUTC+1 to +2 (WAT and CAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+243
ISO 3166 codeZR
Internet TLD.zr
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Democratic Republic of the Congo
MONUSCO
Today part ofDemocratic Republic of the Congo
  1. ^ Renamed from "Democratic Republic of the Congo" (République démocratique du Congo) on 27 October 1971.
  2. ^ Changed from Léopoldville in 1966.
  3. ^ "Kikongo" here is actually referring to the Kituba language – which is known as Kikongo ya leta by its speakers – not the Kongo language proper. The confusion arises from the fact that the government of the Zaire officially recognized and referred to the language simply as "Kikongo".
  4. ^ Zaire became a de jure one-party state on 23 December 1970,[3] but had been a de facto one-party state since 20 May 1967, the date on which the MPR (Mouvement Populaire de la Revolution) was established. Zaire formally adopted a multiparty system on 24 April 1990,[4] when Mobutu delivered a speech proclaiming the end of the one-party system. The country adopted a three-party system de jure with the enactment of Law No. 90-002 of 5 July 1990, which amended its constitution accordingly, but retained the one-party system of the MPR de facto.[citation needed]

Zaire

Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire, was a Congolese state from 1971 to 1997 in Central Africa that was previously and is now again known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The country was a Western Bloc state aligned with the United States and China during the Cold War. Zaire was, by area, the third-largest in all of Africa, and the 11th-largest in the world. With a population of over 23 million inhabitants, Zaire was the most-populous officially Francophone country in Africa, as well as one of the most populous in Africa.