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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Vietnam

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Cộng hòa Xã hội chủ nghĩa
Việt Nam
Motto: Độc lập – Tự do – Hạnh phúc
"Independence – Liberty – Happiness"
Anthem: Tiến Quân Ca
(English: "Army March")
Vietnam (orthographic projection).svg
Location Vietnam ASEAN.svg
Location of Vietnam (green)

in ASEAN (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

21°2′N 105°51′E / 21.033°N 105.850°E / 21.033; 105.850
Largest city Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
10°48′N 106°39′E / 10.800°N 106.650°E / 10.800; 106.650
National languageVietnamese[n 1]
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic
Nguyễn Phú Trọng[n 3]
• President
Nguyễn Xuân Phúc
Võ Thị Ánh Xuân
Phạm Minh Chính
Vương Đình Huệ
Nguyễn Hòa Bình
LegislatureNational Assembly
• Hồng Bàng dynasty (First Royal Dynasty)
c. 7th century BC
111 BC
• Nguyễn dynasty (Last Royal Dynasty)
1 June 1802
• Became under French Protectorate
6 June 1884
2 September 1945
• Geneva Accords (South-North division)
21 July 1954
30 April 1975
• Reunification
2 July 1976
28 November 2013[n 4]
• Total
331,699 km2 (128,070 sq mi) (66th)
• Water (%)
• 2019 census
96,208,984[3] (15th)
• Density
295.0/km2 (764.0/sq mi) (29th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $1,047.318 billion[6] (23rd)
• Per capita
Increase $10,755[6] (106th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $340.602 billion[6] (35th)
• Per capita
Increase $3,498[6] (115th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 35.7[7]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.704[8]
high · 117th
Currencyđồng (₫) (VND)
Time zoneUTC+07:00 (Vietnam Standard Time)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Mains electricity220 V – 50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+84
ISO 3166 codeVN
Internet TLD.vn


Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the eastern edge of the Indochinese Peninsula, and is divided into 58 provinces and five municipalities, covering 331,699 square kilometres, with a population of over 96 million inhabitants, making it the world's sixteenth-most populous country. Vietnam shares borders with China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west; whilst maintaining maritime borders with Thailand through the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia through the South China Sea. Its capital is Hanoi and its largest city is Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon).