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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Venezuela

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
República Bolivariana de Venezuela  (Spanish)
Motto: Dios y Federación
("God and Federation")
Anthem: Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
("Glory to the Brave People")
Land controlled by Venezuela shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green.
Land controlled by Venezuela shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled land shown in light green.
Capital
and largest city
Caracas
10°30′N 66°55′W / 10.500°N 66.917°W / 10.500; -66.917
Official languagesSpanish[b]
Recognized regional languages
Other spoken languagesEnglish
German
Portuguese
Italian
Chinese
Arabic
Ethnic groups
(2011)[1]
Religion
(2012)[2]
Demonym(s)Venezuelan
GovernmentFederal dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
• President
Nicolás Maduro
(de facto) (disputed)[n 1]
Juan Guaidó (disputed)[n 2]
Delcy Rodríguez (constitutional position disputed)
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence from Spain
• Declared
5 July 1811
• Recognized
29 March 1845
• Admitted to the United Nations
15 November 1945
20 December 1999[4]
Area
• Total
916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi) (32nd)
• Water (%)
3.2%[d]
Population
• 2018 estimate
Neutral increase 28,887,118[5][6] (government)
28,067,000 (IMF)[7] (45th)
• Density
33.74/km2 (87.4/sq mi) (144st)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Decrease 142.416 billion[8]
• Per capita
Decrease $5,163[8] (141st)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Decrease $44.893 billion[8]
• Per capita
Decrease $1,627[8] (145th)
Gini (2013)Negative increase 44.8[9]
medium
HDI (2019)Decrease 0.711[10]
high · 113th
CurrencyBolívar digital (VED)
Time zoneUTC−4 (VET)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+58
ISO 3166 codeVE
Internet TLD.ve
  1. ^ The "Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela" has been the full official title since the adoption of the Constitution of 1999, when the state was renamed in honor of Simón Bolívar.
  2. ^ The Constitution also recognizes all indigenous languages spoken in the country.
  3. ^ Some important subgroups include those of Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Amerindian, African, Arab and German descent.
  4. ^ Area totals include only Venezuelan-administered territory.
  5. ^ On 1 October 2021, a new bolivar was introduced, the Bolívar digital (ISO 4217 code VED) worth 1,000,000 VES.

Venezuela

Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and many islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. It has a territorial extension of 916,445 km2, and the population of Venezuela was estimated at 28 million in 2019. The capital and largest urban agglomeration is the city of Caracas.