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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Vatican City State

Vatican City State
  • Status Civitatis Vaticanae  (Latin)
  • Stato della Città del Vaticano  (Italian)
Anthem: Inno e Marcia Pontificale  (Italian)
"Pontifical Anthem and March"
Seal of the State of Vatican City
Sigillum Stati Civitatis Vaticanae
Sigillo dello Stato della Città del Vaticano
Seal of the State of Vatican City.jpg
Location of Vatican City (green) in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]
Location of Vatican City (green)

in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

Official languagesItalian[a]
Roman Catholicism
(State religion)
GovernmentUnitary Catholic theocratic elective absolute monarchy[2][3][4][5]
Holy See
• Sovereign
Pietro Parolin
Fernando Vérgez Alzaga
LegislaturePontifical Commission (all powers delegated by the sovereign)[6][7]
Independence from Italy
11 February 1929; 93 years ago
• Total
0.49[b] km2 (0.19 sq mi) (195th)
• 2019 estimate
453[10] (240th)
• Density
924/km2 (2,393.1/sq mi) (12th)
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright[c]
Calling code+379[d]
ISO 3166 codeVA
Internet TLD.va

Vatican City State

Vatican City, officially the Vatican City State, is an independent city-state and enclave surrounded by Rome, Italy. Also known simply as the Vatican, the state became independent from Italy in 1929 with the Lateran Treaty, and it is a distinct territory under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See, itself a sovereign entity of international law, which maintains the city state's temporal, diplomatic, and spiritual independence. With an area of 49 hectares and a 2019 population of about 453, it is the smallest state in the world both by area and population. As governed by the Holy See, Vatican City State is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state ruled by the pope who is the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. After the Avignon Papacy (1309–1377) the popes have mainly resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.