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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Uzbekistan

Republic of Uzbekistan
Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi  (Uzbek)
Anthem: Oʻzbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi
"State Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan"
Location of Uzbekistan (green)
Location of Uzbekistan (green)
and largest city
41°19′N 69°16′E / 41.317°N 69.267°E / 41.317; 69.267
Official languagesUzbek[2][3]
Recognised regional languagesKarakalpak (in Karakalpakstan)[2]
Language of inter-ethnic communicationRussian
Spoken languagesUzbekRussianKarakalpakTajikKoryo-marTurkmenUkrainianAzerbaijaniUyghurCentral Asian ArabicBukhori and others
Ethnic groups
  • Uzbekistani[5]
  • Uzbek
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential republic[6]
• President
Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Abdulla Aripov
LegislatureOliy Majlis
Legislative Chamber
• Uzbek SSR established after national delimitation
27 October 1924
• Declared independence from the Soviet Union
1 September 1991a
• Formally recognised
26 December 1991
2 March 1992
8 December 1992
• Total
448,978 km2 (173,351 sq mi) (56th)
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
35,200,180[7][8] (41st)
• Density
74.1/km2 (191.9/sq mi) (128nd)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
$335.806 billion[9] (53)
• Per capita
$9,530[9] (154th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
$65.780 billion[9] (75th)
• Per capita
$1,900[9] (170th)
Gini (2013)Positive decrease 36.7[10][11]
medium · 88th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.720[12]
high · 106th
CurrencyUzbek som (UZS)
Time zoneUTC+5 (UZT)
Date formatdd/mm yyyyb
Mains electricity220 V, 50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+998
ISO 3166 codeUZ
Internet TLD.uz
  1. On 31 August 1991, the Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR voted to declare the country independent from the Soviet Union. The next day was declared a national holiday by the Uzbek government, and became Independence Day (Uzbekistan).
  2. dd.mm.yyyy format is used in Cyrillic scripts, including Russian.


Uzbekistan, officially the Republic of Uzbekistan, is a double-landlocked country in Central Asia. It is surrounded by five landlocked countries: Kazakhstan to the north; Kyrgyzstan to the northeast; Tajikistan to the southeast; Afghanistan to the south, Turkmenistan to the south-west. Its capital and largest city is Tashkent. Uzbekistan is part of the Turkic languages world, as well as a member of the Organisation of Turkic States. While the Uzbek language is the majority-spoken language in Uzbekistan, Russian serves as the local lingua franca. Islam is the predominant religion in Uzbekistan, most Uzbeks being Sunni Muslims.