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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in United Kingdom

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Anthem: "God Save the Queen"[a]
Royal coat of arms in Scotland:
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (Scotland).svg
Europe-UK (orthographic projection).svg
United Kingdom (+overseas territories and crown dependencies) in the World (+Antarctica claims).svg
Location of the United Kingdom (dark green)

in Europe (dark grey)

and largest city
51°30′N 0°7′W / 51.500°N 0.117°W / 51.500; -0.117
Official language
and national language
English (de facto)
Regional and minority languages[b]
Ethnic groups
Constituent countries
GovernmentUnitary[e] parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Boris Johnson
House of Lords
House of Commons
1535 and 1542
24 March 1603
1 May 1707
1 January 1801
5 December 1922
• Total
242,495 km2 (93,628 sq mi)[12] (78th)
• Water (%)
1.51 (2015)[13]
• 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 67,081,000[14] (21st)
• 2011 census
63,182,178[15] (22nd)
• Density
270.7/km2 (701.1/sq mi) (50th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $3.752 trillion[16] (8th)
• Per capita
Increase $55,301[16] (28th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $3.376 trillion[16] (5th)
• Per capita
Increase $49,761[16] (25th)
Gini (2019)Negative increase 36.6[17]
medium · 33rd
HDI (2019)Increase 0.932[18]
very high · 13th
CurrencyPound sterling[f] (GBP)
Time zoneUTC (Greenwich Mean Time, WET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 (British Summer Time, WEST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
yyyy-mm-dd (AD)
Driving sideleft[h]
Calling code+44[i]
ISO 3166 codeGB
Internet TLD.uk[j]
Preceded by
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in north-western Europe, off the north-­western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-­eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands within the British Isles. Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland. Otherwise, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea separates Great Britain and Ireland. The total area of the United Kingdom is 93,628 square miles (242,500 km2), with an estimated 2020 population of more than 67 million people.