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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Turkey

Republic of Türkiye
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti  (Turkish)
Flag of Turkey
Anthem: 
İstiklal Marşı  (Turkish)
"The Independence March"
Location of Turkey
CapitalAnkara
39°N 35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35Coordinates: 39°N 35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35
Largest cityIstanbul
41°1′N 28°57′E / 41.017°N 28.950°E / 41.017; 28.950
Official languagesTurkish[1][2]
Spoken languages[3]
Other languages
Ethnic groups
(2016)[4]
Demonym(s)
  • Turkish
  • Turk
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Fuat Oktay
Mustafa Şentop
LegislatureGrand National Assembly
Establishment
c. 1299
19 May 1919
23 April 1920
24 July 1923
29 October 1923
9 November 1982[5]
Area
• Total
783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi) (36th)
• Water (%)
2.03 (as of 2015)[6]
Population
• 31 December 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 84,680,273[7] (18th)
• Density
110[7]/km2 (284.9/sq mi) (107th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $3.21 trillion[8] (11th)
• Per capita
Increase $37,488[8] (50th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Decrease $692 billion[8] (23rd)
• Per capita
Decrease $8,080[8] (87th)
Gini (2019)Steady 41.9[9]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.820[10]
very high · 54th
CurrencyTurkish lira () (TRY)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+90
ISO 3166 codeTR
Internet TLD.tr

Turkey

Turkey, officially the Republic of Türkiye, is a transcontinental country located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in Western Asia, with a small portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It shares borders with the Black Sea to the north; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq to the southeast; Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest. Cyprus is located off the south coast. Turks form the vast majority of the nation's population and Kurds are the largest minority. Ankara is Turkey's capital, while Istanbul is its largest city and financial centre.