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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Turkey

Republic of Turkey

Türkiye Cumhuriyeti  (Turkish)
Flag of Turkey
Anthem: 
İstiklal Marşı  (Turkish)
"The Independence March"
Location of Turkey
CapitalAnkara
39°N 35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35Coordinates: 39°N 35°E / 39°N 35°E / 39; 35
Largest cityIstanbul
41°1′N 28°57′E / 41.017°N 28.950°E / 41.017; 28.950
Official languagesTurkish[1][2]
Spoken languages[3]
Ethnic groups
(2016)[4]
Demonym(s)
  • Turkish
  • Turk
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Fuat Oktay
Mustafa Şentop
LegislatureGrand National Assembly
Establishment
19 May 1919
23 April 1920
24 July 1923
29 October 1923
9 November 1982[5]
Area
• Total
783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi) (36th)
• Water (%)
2.03 (as of 2015)[6]
Population
• 31 December 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 83,614,362[7] (19th)
• Density
109[7]/km2 (282.3/sq mi) (107th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.749 trillion[8] (11th)
• Per capita
Increase $32,278[8] (45th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $794.530 billion[8] (20th)
• Per capita
Increase $9,327[8] (67th)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 43.0[9]
medium · 56th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.820[10]
very high · 54th
CurrencyTurkish lira (₺) (TRY)
Time zoneUTC+3 (TRT)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+90
ISO 3166 codeTR
Internet TLD.tr

Turkey

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country straddling Western Asia and Southeast Europe. It shares borders with Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest; the Black Sea to the north; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq to the southeast; Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south; and the Aegean Sea to the west. Istanbul, the largest city, is the financial centre, and Ankara is the capital. Turks form the vast majority of the nation's population, and Kurds are the largest minority.