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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Tunisia

Republic of Tunisia
  • الجمهورية التونسية (Arabic)
    al-Jumhūrīyah at-Tūnisīyah
  • République tunisienne (French)
Motto: حرية، كرامة، عدالة، نظام
"Ḥurrīyah, Karāma, 'Adālah, Niẓām"
"Freedom, Dignity, Justice, Order"[1]
Anthem: حماة الحمى
"Humat al-Hima"
(English: "Defenders of the Homeland")
Location of Tunisia in northern Africa
Location of Tunisia in northern Africa
Capital
and largest city
Tunis
36°49′N 10°11′E / 36.817°N 10.183°E / 36.817; 10.183
Official languagesArabic[2]
Spoken languages
Foreign languages
Ethnic groups
Arab-Berber 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1% [10][11]
Religion
Demonym(s)Tunisian
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Kais Saied
Najla Bouden
LegislatureAssembly of the Representatives of the People (dissolved)
Establishment
814 BC
146 BC
435
591
• Aghlabids
800
• Fatimids
909
• Zirids
972
• Hafsids
1207
• Husainids
15 July 1705
• Kingdom
20 March 1956
• Republic
25 July 1957
28 August 2022
Area
• Total
163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi) (91st)
• Water (%)
5.04
Population
• 2020 estimate
11,708,370[13] (81st)
• Density
71.65/km2 (185.6/sq mi) (110th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $149.184 billion [14] (82nd)
• Per capita
Increase $12,300[14] (113th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $45.642 billion[14] (96th)
• Per capita
Increase $3,763[14] (129th)
Gini (2017)35.8[15]
medium
HDI (2021)Increase 0.731[16]
high · 97th
CurrencyTunisian dinar (TND)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Driving sideright
Calling code+216
ISO 3166 codeTN
Internet TLD

Tunisia

Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is the northernmost country in Africa. It is a part of the Maghreb region of North Africa, and is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. It covers 163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi), and has a population of 12.1 million. It contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert; much of its remaining territory is arable land. Its 1,300 km (810 mi) of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin. Tunisia is home to Africa's northernmost point, Cape Angela; and its capital and largest city is Tunis, which is located on its northeastern coast, and lends the country its name.