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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Tunisia

Republic of Tunisia

الجمهورية التونسية (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah at-Tūnisīyah
République tunisienne  (French)
Motto: حرية، كرامة، عدالة، نظام
"Ḥurrīyah, Karāma, 'Adālah, Niẓām"
"freedom, dignity, justice, and order"[1]
Anthem: حماة الحمى
"Humat al-Hima"
(English: "Defenders of the Homeland")
Location of Tunisia in northern Africa
Location of Tunisia in northern Africa
and largest city
36°49′N 10°11′E / 36.817°N 10.183°E / 36.817; 10.183
Official languagesArabic[2]
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
Arab-Berber 98%, European 1%, Jewish and other 1% [8][9]
Islam (official)[10]
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic[11][12]
• President
Kais Saied
Rached Ghannouchi
LegislatureAssembly of the Representatives of the People
• Ancient Carthage inaugurated
814 BC
• Aghlabids inaugurated
• Fatimid Caliphate inaugurated
• Hafsid dynasty inaugurated
• Husainid Dynasty inaugurated
15 July 1705
• Independence from France
20 March 1956
25 July 1957
7 November 1987
14 January 2011
10 February 2014
• Total
163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi) (91st)
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
11,708,370[13] (81st)
• Density
71.65/km2 (185.6/sq mi) (110th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $159.707 billion[14]
• Per capita
Increase $13,417[14]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $44.192 billion[14]
• Per capita
Increase $3,713[14]
Gini (2017)35.8[15]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.740[16]
high · 95th
CurrencyTunisian dinar (TND)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
Driving sideright
Calling code+216
ISO 3166 codeTN
Internet TLD


Tunisia, officially the Republic of Tunisia, is the northernmost country in Africa. It is a part of the Maghreb region of North Africa, and is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east; covering 163,610 km2 (63,170 sq mi), with a population of 11 million. It contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert, with much of its remaining territory arable land. Its 1,300 km (810 mi) of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin. Tunisia is home to Africa's northernmost point, Cape Angela; and its capital and largest city is Tunis, located on its northeastern coast, which lends the country its name.