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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Trinidad and Tobago

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Motto: Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve
Anthem: "Forged from the Love of Liberty"
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
CapitalPort of Spain
10°40′0″N 61°30′27″W / 10.66667°N 61.50750°W / 10.66667; -61.50750
Largest citySan Fernando
10°17′N 61°28′W / 10.283°N 61.467°W / 10.283; -61.467
Official languagesEnglish[1]
Other languagesSee Languages in Trinidad and Tobago[2]
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Paula-Mae Weekes
Keith Rowley
House of Representatives
• Part of the West Indies Federation
3 January 1958 – 14 January 1962
• Independence
31 August 1962
• Joined CARICOM at the Treaty of Chaguaramas
1 August 1973
• Republic
1 August 1976
• Total
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (164th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
1,367,558[5] (151st)
• 2011 census
• Density
264/km2 (683.8/sq mi) (34th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$45.148 billion
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
$22.438 billion
• Per capita
Gini (2012)39.0[8]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.796[9]
high · 67th
CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1 (868)
ISO 3166 codeTT
Internet TLD.tt

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean. Consisting of the main islands Trinidad and Tobago, and numerous much smaller islands, it is situated 130 kilometres south of Grenada and 11 kilometres off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. It shares maritime boundaries with Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest and Venezuela to the south and west. Trinidad and Tobago is generally considered to be part of the West Indies. According to some geographic definitions, Trinidad and Tobago are also part of the Windward Islands and Lesser Antilles, while other definitions regard Trinidad and Tobago as a separate island group.