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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Trinidad and Tobago

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Motto: Together We Aspire, Together We Achieve
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
CapitalPort of Spain
10°40′0″N 61°30′27″W / 10.66667°N 61.50750°W / 10.66667; -61.50750
Largest citySan Fernando
10°17′N 61°28′W / 10.283°N 61.467°W / 10.283; -61.467
Official languagesEnglish[1]
Other languagesSee Languages in Trinidad and Tobago[2]
Ethnic groups
(2011)[3]
Religion
(2011)[3][4]
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Paula-Mae Weekes (I)
Keith Rowley (PNM)
Bridgid Annisette-George (PNM)
Christine Kangaloo (PNM)
Ivor Archie
Kamla Persad-Bissessar (UNC)
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Establishment
• Amerindians settle
c. 5000 BC
• European discovery
1498
• Colonised by Spain
1530
27 March 1802
30 May 1814
• Unification[c]
1889
• Part of the West Indies Federation
3 January 1958 to 31 May 1962
• Independence from the United Kingdom
31 August 1962
1 August 1973
• Republic
1 August 1976
(celebrated 24 September)[6][7][8]
Area
• Total
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (164th)
• Water (%)
negligible
Population
• 2020 estimate
1,366,725[9] (151st)
• 2011 census
1,328,019[10]
• Density
264/km2 (683.8/sq mi) (34th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$45.148 billion
• Per capita
$32,684[11]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$22.438 billion
• Per capita
$16,243[11]
Gini (2012)39.0[12]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.796[13]
high · 67th
CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1 (868)
ISO 3166 codeTT
Internet TLD.tt
  1. ^ Spain formally cedes Trinidad to Great Britain.
  2. ^ France cedes Tobago to the U.K..
  3. ^ The islands of Trinidad and Tobago are unified as one colony.
  4. ^ Joins CARICOM

Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago, officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean and is known for its fossil-fuel wealth. Consisting of the main islands Trinidad and Tobago, and numerous much smaller islands, it is situated 130 kilometres south of Grenada and 11 kilometres off the coast of northeastern Venezuela. It shares maritime boundaries with Barbados to the northeast, Grenada to the northwest and Venezuela to the south and west.