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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Tonga

Kingdom of Tonga
Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga  (Tongan)
Motto: "Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku tofiʻa"
"God and Tonga are my inheritance"
Anthem: "Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga"
"Song of the King of the Tongan Islands"
Location of Tonga
and largest city
21°08′S 175°12′W / 21.133°S 175.200°W / -21.133; -175.200
Official languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Tupou VI
Siaosi Sovaleni
Fatafehi Fakafanua
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
• Independence declared
4 June 1970
• Total
748 km2 (289 sq mi) (175th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 census
100,209[4] (199th)
• Density
139/km2 (360.0/sq mi) (76tha)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$655 million
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$493 million
• Per capita
Gini (2015)Steady 37.6[6]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.725[7]
high · 104th
CurrencyPaʻanga (TOP)
Time zoneUTC+13
Driving sideleft
Calling code+676
ISO 3166 codeTO
Internet TLD.to
  1. Based on 2005 figures.


Tonga officially named the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian country and also an archipelago consisting of 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. The total surface area of the archipelago is about 750 km2 (290 sq mi), scattered over 700,000 km2 (270,000 sq mi) of the southern Pacific Ocean. As of 2021, according to Johnson's Tribune, Tonga has a population of 104,494, 70% of whom reside on the main island, Tongatapu. The country stretches approximately 800 km (500 mi) north-south. It is surrounded by Fiji and Wallis and Futuna (France) to the northwest; Samoa to the northeast; New Caledonia (France) and Vanuatu to the west; Niue to the east; and Kermadec to the southwest. Tonga is about 1,800 km (1,100 mi) from New Zealand's North Island.