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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Tonga

Kingdom of Tonga
Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga  (Tongan)
Motto: "Ko e ʻOtua mo Tonga ko hoku tofiʻa"
"God and Tonga are my Inheritance"
Anthem: "Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga"
"The Song of the King of the Tongan Islands"
Location of Tonga
Capital
and largest city
Nukuʻalofa
21°08′S 175°12′W / 21.133°S 175.200°W / -21.133; -175.200
Official languages
Ethnic groups
(2018[1])
Religion
(2011)[2][3]
Demonym(s)Tongan
Government Unitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Tupou VI
Pohiva Tuʻiʻonetoa
Fatafehi Fakafanua
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Independence from United Kingdom
• Independence declared
4 June 1970
Area
• Total
748 km2 (289 sq mi) (175th)
• Water (%)
4.0
Population
• 2016 census
100,651[4] (199th)
• Density
139/km2 (360.0/sq mi) (76tha)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$655 million
• Per capita
$6,496[5]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$493 million
• Per capita
$4,888[5]
Gini (2015)Steady 37.6[6]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.725[7]
high · 104th
CurrencyPaʻanga (TOP)
Time zoneUTC+13
Driving sideleft
Calling code+676
ISO 3166 codeTO
Internet TLD.to
  1. Based on 2005 figures.

Tonga

Tonga, officially named the Kingdom of Tonga, is a Polynesian country, and also an archipelago comprising 169 islands, of which 36 are inhabited. The archipelago's total surface area is about 750 square kilometres (290 sq mi) scattered over 700,000 square kilometres (270,000 sq mi) of the southern Pacific Ocean. As of 2016, Tonga had a population of 100,651, 70% of whom resided on the main island, Tongatapu.