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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Thailand

Kingdom of Thailand
  • ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Thai)
  • Ratcha-anachak Thai
Anthem: เพลงชาติไทย
"Thai National Anthem"
Royal anthem: สรรเสริญพระบารมี
"Glorify His Prestige"
Thailand (orthographic projection).svg
Location Thailand ASEAN.svg
Location of Thailand (green)

– in Asia (light green & dark grey)
– in ASEAN (light green)

and largest city
13°45′N 100°29′E / 13.750°N 100.483°E / 13.750; 100.483
Official languagesThai[1]
Recognised national languagesThai
Spoken languagesThai, Isan, Lanna Dambro, Karen
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary semi-democratic[4] constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Vajiralongkorn (Rama X)
Prayut Chan-o-cha
LegislatureNational Assembly
House of Representatives
6 April 1782
24 June 1932
6 April 2017
• Total
513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) (50th)
• Water (%)
0.4 (2,230 km2)
• 2021 estimate
Neutral decrease 66,171,439[5] (20th)
• 2010 census
64,785,909[6] (21st)
• Density
132.1/km2 (342.1/sq mi) (88th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.475 trillion[7] (23rd)
• Per capita
Increase $21,057[7] (77th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $522.012 billion[7] (23rd)
• Per capita
Increase $7,449[7] (89th)
Gini (2020)Negative increase 35.0[8]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.777[9]
high · 79th
CurrencyBaht (฿) (THB)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (BE)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+66
ISO 3166 codeTH
Internet TLD


Thailand, historically known as Siam and officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia, located at the centre of Mainland Southeast Asia, spanning 513,120 square kilometres (198,120 sq mi), with a population of almost 70 million. The country is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the extremity of Myanmar. Thailand also shares maritime borders with Vietnam to the southeast, and Indonesia and India to the southwest. Thailand has experienced multiple coups and military dictatorships. Since 2019, it has been nominally a parliamentary constitutional monarchy; in practice, however, structural advantages in the constitution have ensured the military's hold on power. Bangkok is the nation's capital and largest city.