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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Thailand

Kingdom of Thailand
  • ราชอาณาจักรไทย (Thai)
  • Ratcha-anachak Thai
Anthem: Phleng Chat Thai
(English: "Thai National Anthem")
Royal anthem: Sansoen Phra Barami
(English: "Glorify His prestige")
Thailand (orthographic projection).svg
Location Thailand ASEAN.svg
Location of Thailand (green)

– in Asia (light green & dark grey)
– in ASEAN (light green)

and largest city
13°45′N 100°29′E / 13.750°N 100.483°E / 13.750; 100.483
Official languagesThai[1]
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
Siamese (historic)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy (de jure)
under an authoritarian military dictatorship (de facto)
• Monarch
Vajiralongkorn (Rama X)
Prayut Chan-o-cha
LegislatureNational Assembly
House of Representatives
6 April 1782
24 June 1932
6 April 2017
• Total
513,120 km2 (198,120 sq mi) (50th)
• Water (%)
0.4 (2,230 km2)
• 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 69,950,850[5] (20th)
• 2010 census
64,785,909[6] (21st)
• Density
132.1/km2 (342.1/sq mi) (88th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1,340 billions[7] (22nd)
• Per capita
Increase $19,169[7] (69th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $536.841 billion[7] (25th)
• Per capita
Increase $7,674[7] (80th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 34.9[8]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.777[9]
high · 79th
CurrencyBaht (฿) (THB)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+66
ISO 3166 codeTH
Internet TLD


Thailand, known formerly as Siam and officially as the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Indochinese Peninsula, spanning 513,120 square kilometres (198,120 sq mi), with a population of almost 70 million people. Thailand is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar. It also shares maritime borders with Vietnam in the Gulf of Thailand to the southeast, and Indonesia and India on the Andaman Sea to the southwest. Bangkok is the nation's capital and largest city. Nominally, Thailand is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy; however, in recent history, its government has experienced multiple coups and periods of military dictatorships.