• (230) 4278861, 4260399

Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Tajikistan

Republic of Tajikistan
  • Ҷумҳурии Тоҷикистон (Tajik)
    Jumhurii Tojikiston
  • Республика Таджикистан (Russian)
    Respublika Tadzhikistan
Motto: Истиқлол, Озодӣ, Ватан (Tajik)
Istiqlol, Ozodī, Vatan
"Independence, Freedom, Homeland"
Anthem: Суруди Миллӣ (Tajik)
Surudi Millī
"National Anthem"
Location of Tajikistan (green)
Location of Tajikistan (green)
and largest city
38°33′N 68°48′E / 38.550°N 68.800°E / 38.550; 68.800
Official languages
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic under a dictatorship[6]
• President
Emomali Rahmon
Kokhir Rasulzoda
LegislatureSupreme Assembly
National Assembly
Assembly of Representatives
27 October 1924
5 December 1929
• Independence from the USSR
9 September 1991
21 December 1991
• Recognized
26 December 1991
• Admitted to the UN
2 March 1992
6 November 1994
• Total
143,100 km2 (55,300 sq mi)[7][8][9] (94th)
• Water
2,575 km2 (994 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 2022 estimate
9,119,347[10] (97th)
• Density
48.6/km2 (125.9/sq mi) (155th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $45.540 billion[11]
• Per capita
Increase $4,630[11]
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Decrease $7.820 billion[11]
• Per capita
Decrease $795[11]
Gini (2015)34[12]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.668[13]
medium · 125th
CurrencySomoni (TJS)
Time zoneUTC+5 (TJT)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+992
ISO 3166 codeTJ
Internet TLD.tj
  1. Russian has the status of an official language through its use as the official interethnic language as cited in the Constitution of Tajikistan.[14]


Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It has an area of 143,100 km2 (55,300 sq mi) and an estimated population of 9,749,625 people. Its capital and largest city is Dushanbe. It is bordered by Afghanistan to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and China to the east. It is separated narrowly from Pakistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor. The traditional homelands of the Tajiks include present-day Tajikistan as well as parts of Afghanistan and Uzbekistan.