• (230) 4278861, 4260399

Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Taiwan

Republic of China

Anthem: 中華民國國歌
Zhōnghuá Mínguó guógē
"National Anthem of the Republic of China"

Flag anthem中華民國國旗歌
Zhōnghuá Míngúo Gúoqígē
"National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China"
National seal
"Seal of the Republic of China"
National flower
Meihua ROC.svg
Plum blossom
Island of Taiwan (orthographic projection).svg
Republic of China (orthographic projection).svg
25°04′N 121°31′E / 25.067°N 121.517°E / 25.067; 121.517
Largest cityNew Taipei
Official languagesNone designated (de jure)

Mandarin (de facto)[3]

Classical Chinese (used in formal or ceremonial occasions, religious or cultural rites, official documents, legal and court rulings and judiciary documents)[4]
Official scriptTraditional Chinese[5]
National languages[c]
Ethnic groups
>95% Han Taiwanese
—70% Hoklo
—14% Hakka
—14% Waishengren
2% Indigenous[9][d]
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Tsai Ing-wen
Lai Ching-te
• Premier
Su Tseng-chang
Yu Shyi-kun
Chen Chu
Hsu Tzong-li
Huang Jong-tsun
LegislatureLegislative Yuan
• Establishment
1 January 1912
25 October 1945
25 December 1947
7 December 1949
16 July 1992
• Total
36,197 km2 (13,976 sq mi)[12][11]
• 2020 estimate
23,568,378[13] (56th)
• 2010 census
• Density
650/km2 (1,683.5/sq mi) (10th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.403 trillion[15] (19th)
• Per capita
Increase $56,959[15] (13th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $682.702 billion[15] (21st)
• Per capita
Increase $32,123[16] (29th)
Gini (2017)Negative increase 34.1[17]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.916[18]
very high · 23rd
CurrencyNew Taiwan dollar (NT$) (TWD)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Date format
Mains electricity110 V–60 Hz[e]
Driving sideright
Calling code+886
ISO 3166 codeTW
Internet TLD


Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The main island of Taiwan has an area of 35,808 square kilometres (13,826 sq mi), with mountain ranges dominating the eastern two-thirds and plains in the western third, where its highly urbanised population is concentrated. The capital is Taipei, which, along with New Taipei and Keelung, forms the largest metropolitan area of Taiwan. Other major cities include Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan and Taoyuan. With 23.57 million inhabitants, Taiwan is among the most densely populated countries in the world.