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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Switzerland

Swiss Confederation

5 other official names
    • Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft  (German)
    • Confédération suisse  (French)
    • Confederazione Svizzera  (Italian)
    • Confederaziun svizra  (Romansh)
    • Confoederatio Helvetica  (Latin)
Motto: (traditional)
"Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno" (Latin)
"One for all, all for one"
Anthem: "Swiss Psalm"
Location of Switzerland (green) in Europe (green and dark grey)
Location of Switzerland (green)

in Europe (green and dark grey)

46°57′N 7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450
Largest cityZürich
Official languages
Recognised national languagesRomansh
Ethnic groups
  • 74.7% Swiss
  • 25.3% foreign nationals
Demonym(s)English: Swiss,
German: Schweizer(in),
French: Suisse(sse),
Italian: svizzero/svizzera or elvetico/elvetica,
Romansh: Svizzer/Svizra
GovernmentFederal semi-direct democracy under a multi-party assembly-independent[5][6] directorial republic
Walter Thurnherr
LegislatureFederal Assembly
Council of States
National Council
c. 1300[note 2] (traditionally 1 August 1291)
24 October 1648
7 August 1815
12 September 1848[note 3][7]
• Total
41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi) (132nd)
• Water (%)
4.34 (as of 2015)[8]
• 2019 estimate
Neutral increase 8,570,146[9] (99th)
• 2015 census
• Density
207/km2 (536.1/sq mi) (48th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $584 billion[11] (38th)
• Per capita
Increase $67,557[11] (9th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $749 billion[11] (20th)
• Per capita
Increase $86,673[11] (2nd)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 29.7[12]
low · 19th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.955[13]
very high · 2nd
CurrencySwiss franc, WIR franc, WIR euro (CHF, CHW, CHE)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Driving sideright
Calling code+41
ISO 3166 codeCH
Internet TLD.ch, .swiss


Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked country situated at the confluence of Western, Central, and Southern Europe. It is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities based in Bern. Switzerland is bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. It is geographically divided among the Swiss Plateau, the Alps, and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi), and land area of 39,997 km2 (15,443 sq mi). Although the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities and economic centres are located, among them Zürich, Geneva, and Basel. These cities are home to several offices of international organisations such as the headquarters of FIFA, the UN's second-largest Office, and the main building of the Bank for International Settlements. The main international airports of Switzerland are also located in these cities.