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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Sudan

Republic of the Sudan

جمهورية السودان (Arabic)
Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān
Motto: النصر لنا (Arabic)
an-Naṣr lanā
"Victory is Ours"
Anthem: نحن جند الله، جند الوطن (Arabic)
Naḥnu jund Allah, jund al-waṭan
(English: "We Are the Soldiers of God, the Soldiers of the Nation")
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
15°38′N 032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E / 15.633; 32.533
Largest cityOmdurman
Official languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentFederal provisional government
Abdel Fattah al-Burhan
Abdalla Hamdok
LegislatureTransitional Legislative Council
1070 BC
• Independence and end of the Anglo-Egyptian rule
1 January 1956
• Secession of South Sudan
9 July 2011
11 April 2019
4 August 2019
• Total
1,886,068 km2 (728,215 sq mi) (15th)
• 2021 estimate
Increase44,909,353 [5] (33rd)
• 2008 census
30,894,000 (disputed)[6]
• Density
21.3/km2 (55.2/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$177.678 billion[7]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$33.903 billion[9]
• Per capita
Gini (2014)Positive decrease 34.2[11]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.510[12]
low · 170th
CurrencySudanese pound (SDG)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+249
ISO 3166 codeSD
Internet TLD.sd


Sudan, officially the Republic of the Sudan, is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast. Sudan has a population of 44.91 million people as of 2021 and occupies 1,886,068 square kilometres, making it Africa's third-largest country by area and also the third-largest by area in the Arab league. It was also the largest country by area in Africa and the Arab league until the secession of South Sudan in 2011, since which both titles have been held by Algeria. Its capital is Khartoum, while its largest city is Omdurman.