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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Sudan

Republic of the Sudan
جمهورية السودان (Arabic)
Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān
Motto: النصر لنا (Arabic)
an-Naṣr lanā
"Victory is Ours"
Anthem: نحن جند الله، جند الوطن (Arabic)
Naḥnu jund Allah, jund al-waṭan
(English: "We Are the Soldiers of God, the Soldiers of the Nation")
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
Sudan in dark green, disputed regions in light green.
15°38′N 032°32′E / 15.633°N 32.533°E / 15.633; 32.533
Largest cityOmdurman
Ethnic groups
GovernmentFederal provisional government under a military junta[4]
Abdel Fattah al-Burhan
Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo
Osman Hussein (acting)
LegislatureTransitional Legislative Council
1070 BC
• Independence from the United Kingdom and the Kingdom of Egypt
1 January 1956
• Secession of South Sudan
9 July 2011
• Total
1,886,068 km2 (728,215 sq mi) (15th)
• 2022 estimate
Neutral increase 45,709,353[5] (33rd)
• 2008 census
30,894,000 (disputed)[6]
• Density
21.3/km2 (55.2/sq mi) (202nd)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
$203.040 billion[7]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
$30.808 billion[9]
• Per capita
Gini (2014)Positive decrease 34.2[11]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.510[12]
low · 170th
CurrencySudanese pound (SDG)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+249
ISO 3166 codeSD
Internet TLD.sd


Sudan, officially the Republic of the Sudan, is a country in Northeast Africa. It shares borders with the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, Egypt to the north, Eritrea to the northeast, Ethiopia to the southeast, Libya to the northwest, South Sudan to the south and the Red Sea. It has a population of 45.70 million people as of 2022 and occupies 1,886,068 square kilometres, making it Africa's third-largest country by area, and the third-largest by area in the Arab League. It was the largest country by area in Africa and the Arab League until the secession of South Sudan in 2011, since which both titles have been held by Algeria. Its capital is Khartoum and its most populated city is Omdurman.