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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Spain

Kingdom of Spain

Reino de España  (Spanish)
4 other names[a][b]
Motto: Plus ultra  (Latin)
"Further Beyond"
Anthem: Marcha Real  (Spanish)[2]
"Royal March"
EU-Spain (orthographic projection).svg
Location of Spain (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

and largest city
40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700
Official languageSpanish[c]
Nationality (2020)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• King
Felipe VI
Pedro Sánchez
Meritxell Batet
Ander Gil
Carlos Lesmes Serrano
LegislatureCortes Generales
Congress of Deputies
• De facto
20 January 1479
• De jure
9 June 1715
19 March 1812
1 April 1939 - 1978
29 December 1978
1 January 1986
• Total
505,990[6] km2 (195,360 sq mi) (51st)
• Water (%)
0.89 (as of 2015)[7]
• 2020 census
Neutral increase 47,450,795[8][9][e] (30th)
• Density
94/km2 (243.5/sq mi) (120th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.942 trillion[10] (15th)
• Per capita
$41,736[10] (32nd)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.450 trillion[10] (13th)
• Per capita
$31,178[10] (26th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 33.0[11]
medium · 103rd
HDI (2019)Increase 0.904[12]
very high · 25th
CurrencyEuro[f] () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC⁠±0 to +1 (WET and CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 to +2 (WEST and CEST)
Note: most of Spain observes CET/CEST, except the Canary Islands which observe WET/WEST.
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+34
ISO 3166 codeES
Internet TLD.es[g]


Spain, formally the Kingdom of Spain, is a country in Southwestern Europe with some pockets of territory in the Mediterranean Sea, offshore in the Atlantic Ocean and across the Strait of Gibraltar. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula, and its insular territory includes the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, several small islands in the Alboran Sea and the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean. The Spanish territory also includes the African semi-exclaves of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñon de Vélez across the Strait of Gibraltar. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea; to the north by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.