• (230) 4278861, 4260399

Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Spain

Kingdom of Spain
Reino de España
4 other names[a]
Motto: Plus ultra  (Latin)
(English: "Further Beyond")
Anthem: Marcha Real  (Spanish)[1]
(English: "Royal March")
EU-Spain (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Spain.svg
Location of Spain (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Capital
and largest city
Madrid
40°26′N 3°42′W / 40.433°N 3.700°W / 40.433; -3.700
Official languageSpanish[b]
Nationality (2020)
Religion
(2022)[4]
Demonym(s)
  • Spanish
  • Spaniard
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Felipe VI
Pedro Sánchez
LegislatureCortes Generales
Senate
Congress of Deputies
Formation
• De facto
20 January 1479
• De jure
9 June 1715
19 March 1812
29 December 1978
1 January 1986
Area
• Total
505,990[5] km2 (195,360 sq mi) (51st)
• Water (%)
0.89 (2015)[6]
Population
• 2020 census
Neutral increase 47,450,795[7][8][d] (30th)
• Density
94/km2 (243.5/sq mi) (120th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.20 trillion[9] (16th)
• Per capita
$46,413[9] (40th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.435 trillion[9] (15th)
• Per capita
$30,157[9] (38th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 33.0[10]
medium · 103rd
HDI (2019)Increase 0.904[11]
very high · 25th
CurrencyEuro[e] () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC⁠±0 to +1 (WET and CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+1 to +2 (WEST and CEST)
Note: most of Spain observes CET/CEST, except the Canary Islands which observe WET/WEST.
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+34
ISO 3166 codeES
Internet TLD.es[f]

Spain

Spain or the Kingdom of Spain, is a country in southwestern Europe with parts of territory in the Atlantic Ocean and across the Mediterranean Sea. The largest part of Spain is situated on the Iberian Peninsula; its territory also includes the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean, the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea, the autonomous cities of Ceuta and Melilla, and several minor overseas territories also scattered along the Moroccan coast of the Alboran Sea. The country's mainland is bordered to the south by Gibraltar; to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea; to the north by France, Andorra and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.