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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in South Africa

Republic of South Africa
10 other official names[1]
  • Zulu:iRiphabhuliki yaseNingizimu Afrika
    Xhosa:iRiphabhlikhi yoMzantsi Afrika
    Afrikaans:Republiek van Suid-Afrika
    Pedi:Repabliki ya Afrika-Borwa
    Southern Sotho:Rephaboliki ya Afrika Borwa
    Tswana:Rephaboliki ya Aforika Borwa
    Tsonga:Riphabliki ya Afrika Dzonga
    Swati:iRiphabhulikhi yaseNingizimu-Afrika
    Venda:Riphabuḽiki ya Afurika Tshipembe
    Southern Ndebele:iRiphabliki yeSewula Afrika
Motto: "ǃke e꞉ ǀxarra ǁke" (ǀXam)
"Unity in Diversity"
Anthem: "National anthem of South Africa"
South Africa (orthographic projection).svg
South Africa adm location map.svg
Capital
Largest cityJohannesburg[3]
Official languages11 languages[1]
Ethnic groups
(2019[5])
Religion
(2016)[6]
Demonym(s)South African
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party parliamentary republic with an executive presidency
• President
Cyril Ramaphosa
David Mabuza
Amos Masondo
Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula
Raymond Zondo
LegislatureParliament
National Council
National Assembly
Independence 
• Union
31 May 1910
11 December 1931
• Republic
31 May 1961
27 April 1994
Area
• Total
1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi) (24th)
• Water (%)
0.380
Population
• 2021 estimate
60,142,978[7] (23rd)
• 2011 census
51,770,560[8]: 18 
• Density
42.4/km2 (109.8/sq mi) (169th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $924 billion[9] (33rd)
• Per capita
Increase $15,361[9] (95th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $419 billion[9] (36th)
• Per capita
Increase $6,979[9] (89th)
Gini (2014)Positive decrease 63.0[10]
very high
HDI (2021)Increase 0.713[11]
high · 109th
CurrencySouth African rand (ZAR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Date formatShort formats:
Driving sideleft
Calling code+27
ISO 3166 codeZA
Internet TLD.za

South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline that stretch along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World, and the second-most populous country located entirely south of the equator, after Tanzania. South Africa is a biodiversity hotspot, with unique biomes, plant and animal life. With over 60 million people, the country is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of 1,221,037 square kilometres. South Africa has three capital cities, with the executive, judicial and legislative branches of government based in Pretoria, Bloemfontein, and Cape Town respectively. The largest city is Johannesburg.