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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in South Africa

Republic of South Africa
10 other official names[1]
Motto: "ǃke e꞉ ǀxarra ǁke" (ǀXam)
"Unity in Diversity"
Anthem: "National anthem of South Africa"
South Africa (orthographic projection).svg
South Africa adm location map.svg
Largest cityJohannesburg[4]
Official languages11 languages[1]
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)South African
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party parliamentary republic with an executive presidency
• President
Cyril Ramaphosa
David Mabuza
Amos Masondo
Nosiviwe Mapisa-Nqakula
National Council
National Assembly
• Union
31 May 1910
11 December 1931
• Republic
31 May 1961
17 June 1991
27 April 1994
4 February 1997
• Total
1,221,037 km2 (471,445 sq mi) (24th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
60,142,978[8] (23rd)
• 2011 census
51,770,560[9]: 18 
• Density
42.4/km2 (109.8/sq mi) (169th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $862 billion[10] (32nd)
• Per capita
Increase $14,239[10] (96th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $415 billion[10] (35th)
• Per capita
Increase $6,861[10] (89th)
Gini (2014)Positive decrease 63.0[11]
very high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.709[12]
high · 114th
CurrencySouth African rand (ZAR)
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Date formatShort formats:
Driving sideleft
Calling code+27
ISO 3166 codeZA
Internet TLD.za

South Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of 1,221,037 square kilometres. South Africa has three capital cities: executive Pretoria, judicial Bloemfontein and legislative Cape Town. The largest city is Johannesburg. About 80% of South Africans are of Black African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European, Asian, and Multiracial ancestry.