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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Somalia

Federal Republic of Somalia
Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya  (Somali)
جمهورية الصومال الفيدرالية (Arabic)
Jumhūriyah as-Sūmāl al-Fīdirāliyah
Anthem: Qolobaa Calankeed
علم أي امة
"Every nation has its own flag"
Area controlled by Somalia shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled Somaliland⁠ shown in light green. n.b., zones of control are approximate at this time.
Area controlled by Somalia shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled Somaliland⁠ shown in light green. n.b., zones of control are approximate at this time.
Capital
and largest city
Mogadishu
2°2′N 45°21′E / 2.033°N 45.350°E / 2.033; 45.350
Official languagesSomali, Arabic[1]
Recognised national languagesEnglish, Italian[1]
Ethnic groups
(2021)[1][2]
Religion
Sunni Islam[1]
Demonym(s)Somali,[1] Somalian[3]
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
• President
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
Mohamed Hussein Roble
LegislatureFederal Parliament
Independence 
from Italy and the United Kingdom
1889
• Independence and union with the State of Somaliland
1 July 1960
20 September 1960
1 August 2012
Area
• Total
637,657[1] km2 (246,201 sq mi) (43rd)
Population
• 2020 estimate
15,893,219[4] (72nd)
• Density
19.31[5]/km2 (50.0/sq mi) (199th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
{increasing} US$20.641 billion (155th)
• Per capita
US$1,322[6] (222nd)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
US$5.218 billion[7] (184th)
• Per capita
US$544[7] (211th)
HDI (2019)Increase 0.361
low
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+252
ISO 3166 codeSO
Internet TLD.so

Somalia

Somalia, officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. The country is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa's mainland. Its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains, and highlands. Hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall. Somalia has an estimated population of around 15 million, of which over 2 million live in the capital and largest city Mogadishu, and has been described as Africa's most culturally homogeneous country. Around 85% of its residents are ethnic Somalis, who have historically inhabited the country's north. Ethnic minorities are largely concentrated in the south. The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic. Most people in the country are Muslims, the majority of them Sunni.