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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Slovakia

Slovak Republic
Slovenská republika  (Slovak)
Anthem: Nad Tatrou sa blýska  (Slovak)
(English: "Lightning over the Tatras")
National seal
Statna pecat Slovenskej republiky.png
Slovakia on the globe (Europe centered).svg
Location of Slovakia (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

and largest city
48°09′N 17°07′E / 48.150°N 17.117°E / 48.150; 17.117
Official languagesSlovak
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Zuzana Čaputová
Eduard Heger
LegislatureNational Council
Establishment history
28 October 1918
30 September 1938
• Autonomous Land of Slovakia (within Second Czechoslovak Republic)
23 November 1938
14 March 1939
24 October 1945
11 July 1960
• Slovak Socialist Republic (within Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, change of unitary Czechoslovak state into a federation)
1 January 1969
• Slovak Republic (change of name within established Czech and Slovak Federative Republic)
1 March 1990
1 January 1993
• Total
49,035 km2 (18,933 sq mi) (127th)
• Water (%)
0.72 (as of 2015)[3]
• 2021 census
Neutral decrease 5,449,270 (117th)
• Density
111/km2 (287.5/sq mi) (88th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $190.277 billion[4] (70th)
• Per capita
Increase $34,815[4] (41st)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $117.664 billion[4] (59st)
• Per capita
Increase $21,529[4] (40th)
Gini (2019)Negative increase 22.8[5]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.860[6]
very high · 39th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Date formatd. m. yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+421
ISO 3166 codeSK
Internet TLD.sk and .eu


Slovakia, officially the Slovak Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the southwest, and the Czech Republic to the northwest. Slovakia's mostly mountainous territory spans about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi), with a population of over 5.4 million. The capital and largest city is Bratislava, while the second largest city is Košice.