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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Saudi Arabia

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
ٱلْمَمْلَكَة ٱلْعَرَبِيَّة ٱلسُّعُوْدِيَّة (Arabic)
Al-Mamlakah al-ʿArabīyah as-Suʿūdīyah
Motto: لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا ٱلله، مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُوْلُ ٱلله
"Lā ʾilāha ʾillā Llāh, Muḥammadur rasūlu Llāh"
"There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God."[1][a] (Shahada)
Anthem: ٱلنَّشِيْد ٱلْوَطَنِي ٱلسُّعُوْدِي
"an-Našīd al-Waṭanīy as-Suʿūdī"
"National Anthem of Saudi Arabia"
Location of Saudi Arabia
Capital
and largest city
Riyadh
24°39′N 46°46′E / 24.650°N 46.767°E / 24.650; 46.767
Official languagesArabic[5][6]
Ethnic groups
(2014[7])
90% Arab
10% Afro-Arab
Religion
(2010)[9]
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary Islamic absolute monarchy
• King
Salman bin Abdulaziz
Mohammed bin Salman
Legislaturenone[b]
Establishment
1744
1824
13 January 1902
23 September 1932
24 October 1945
31 January 1992
Area
• Total
2,149,690[5] km2 (830,000 sq mi) (12th)
• Water (%)
0.7
Population
• 2019 estimate
34,218,169[12] (40th)
• Density
15/km2 (38.8/sq mi) (174th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
$1.868 trillion[13] (14th)
• Per capita
$51,648,34[13] (12th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
$876.148 billion[13] (18th)
• Per capita
$24,224,38[13] (35th)
Gini (2013)45.9[14]
medium
HDI (2019)Decrease 0.854[15]
very high · 40th
CurrencySaudi Riyal (SR) (SAR)
Time zoneUTC+3 (AST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AH)
Driving sideright
Calling code+966
ISO 3166 codeSA
Internet TLD

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), is a country in Western Asia. It spans the vast majority of the Arabian Peninsula, with a land area of approximately 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi). Saudi Arabia is the fourth-largest country entirely in Asia, the largest in Western Asia, and the second-largest in the Arab world. It is bordered by the Red Sea to the west, Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait to the north, the Persian Gulf, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen to the south. Bahrain is an island country off the east coast. The Gulf of Aqaba in the northwest, whose maximum width is 24 km (15 mi), separates Saudi Arabia from Egypt. Saudi Arabia is the only country with a coastline along both the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland, steppe, and mountains. Its capital and largest city is Riyadh. The country is home to Mecca and Medina, the two holiest cities in Islam.