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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Sao Tome and Principe

Democratic Republic of
São Tomé and Príncipe
República Democrática de
São Tomé e Príncipe
  (Portuguese)
Motto: "Unidade, Disciplina, Trabalho" (Portuguese)
"Unity, Discipline, Labour"
Anthem: Independência total
Total Independence
Location of São Tomé and Príncipe (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)
Location of São Tomé and Príncipe (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
São Tomé
0°20′N 6°44′E / 0.333°N 6.733°E / 0.333; 6.733
Official languagesPortuguese
Recognised regional languages
Religion
Demonym(s)
  • São Toméan (São Tomean)[2]
  • Santomean
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic[3]
• President
Evaristo Carvalho
Jorge Bom Jesus
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• from Portugal
12 July 1975
Area
• Total
1,001[4] km2 (386 sq mi) (171st)
• Water (%)
Negligible
Population
• 2018 estimate
211,028[5][6] (186th)
• 2012 census
178,739
• Density
199.7/km2 (517.2/sq mi) (69th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$685 million[7]
• Per capita
$3,220[7]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$355 million[7]
• Per capita
$1,668[7]
Gini (2017)Negative increase 56.3[8]
high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.625[9]
medium · 135th
CurrencyDobra (STN)
Time zoneUTC (GMT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+239
ISO 3166 codeST
Internet TLD.st

Sao Tome and Principe

São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is an island country in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, about 140 km (87 mi) apart and about 250 and 225 km off the northwestern coast of Gabon. With a population of 201,800, São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest and second-least populous African sovereign state after Seychelles as well as the smallest and least populous Portuguese-speaking country.