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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Rwanda

Republic of Rwanda

Repubulika y'u Rwanda  (Kinyarwanda)
République du Rwanda  (French)
Jamhuri ya Rwanda  (Swahili)
Motto: "Ubumwe, Umurimo, Gukunda Igihugu"
"Unity, Work, Patriotism"
Anthem: "Rwanda nziza"
(English: "Beautiful Rwanda")
Location of Rwanda (dark blue) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Rwanda (dark blue)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

Capital
and largest city
Kigali
1°56′38″S 30°3′34″E / 1.94389°S 30.05944°E / -1.94389; 30.05944
Official languages
Ethnic groups
(1994)
Religion
Demonym(s)
  • Rwandan
    Rwandese
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic
• President
Paul Kagame
Édouard Ngirente
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence 
from Belgium
• Independence
1 July 1962
18 September 1962
26 May 2003
Area
• Total
26,338 km2 (10,169 sq mi) (144th)
• Water (%)
5.3
Population
• 2019 estimate
12,374,397[3] (76th)
• 2012 census
10,515,973[4]
• Density
470/km2 (1,217.3/sq mi) (22nd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$33.455 billion[5]
• Per capita
$2,641[5]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$11.061 billion[5]
• Per capita
$873[5]
Gini (2016)43.7[6]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.543[7]
low · 160th
CurrencyRwandan franc (RWF)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+250
ISO 3166 codeRW
Internet TLD.rw

Rwanda

Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley, where the African Great Lakes region and East Africa converge. One of the smallest countries on the African mainland, its capital city is Kigali. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is highly elevated, giving it the soubriquet "land of thousand hills", with its geography dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year. Rwanda has a population of over 12.6 million living on 26,338 km2 (10,169 sq mi) of land, and is the most densely populated mainland African country.