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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Rwanda

Republic of Rwanda
Repubulika y'u Rwanda  (Kinyarwanda)
République du Rwanda  (French)
Jamhuri ya Rwanda  (Swahili)
Motto: "Ubumwe, Umurimo, Gukunda Igihugu"
(English: "Unity, Work, Patriotism")
(French: "Unité, Travail, Patriotisme")
(Swahili: "Umoja, Kazi, Uzalendo")
Anthem: "Rwanda nziza"
(English: "Beautiful Rwanda")
Location of Rwanda (black) – in Africa (light blue & dark grey) – in the African Union (light blue)
Location of Rwanda (black)

– in Africa (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union (light blue)

and largest city
1°56′38″S 30°3′34″E / 1.94389°S 30.05944°E / -1.94389; 30.05944
Official languages
Ethnic groups
  • Rwandan
  • Rwandese
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic under a dictatorship[3][4]
• President
Paul Kagame
Édouard Ngirente
Chamber of Deputies
from Belgium
1 July 1962
• Admitted to the UN
18 September 1962
26 May 2003
• Total
26,338 km2 (10,169 sq mi) (144th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
12,955,736 (projection)[5] (76th)
• 2012 census
• Density
470/km2 (1,217.3/sq mi) (22nd)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
$37.211 billion[7]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
$12.06 billion[7]
• Per capita
Gini (2016)43.7[8]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.543[9]
low · 160th
CurrencyRwandan franc (RWF)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+250
ISO 3166 codeRW
Internet TLD.rw


Rwanda, officially the Republic of Rwanda, is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley of Central Africa, where the African Great Lakes region and Southeast Africa converge. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is highly elevated, giving it the soubriquet "land of a thousand hills", with its geography dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the southeast, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year. Rwanda has a population of over 12.6 million living on 26,338 km2 (10,169 sq mi) of land, and is the most densely populated mainland African country; among countries larger than 10,000 km2, it is the fifth most densely populated country in the world. One million people live in the capital and largest city Kigali.