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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Russia

Russian Federation
Российская Федерация
Anthem: 
Государственный гимн Российской Федерации
Gosudarstvennyy gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii
"State Anthem of the Russian Federation"
Russia on the globe, with disputed territory shown in light green.[a]
Russia on the globe, with disputed territory shown in light green.[a]
Capital
and largest city
Moscow
55°45′21″N 37°37′02″E / 55.75583°N 37.61722°E / 55.75583; 37.61722
Official language
and national language
Russian[3]
Recognised national languagesSee Languages of Russia
Ethnic groups
(2010)[4]
Religion
(2012)[5]
Demonym(s)Russian
GovernmentFederal semi-presidential republic under a centralised authoritarian government[6][7][8][9][10]
• President
Vladimir Putin
Mikhail Mishustin
Valentina Matviyenko
Vyacheslav Volodin
Vyacheslav Lebedev
LegislatureFederal Assembly
Federation Council
State Duma
Formation
879
1157
1263
16 January 1547
2 November 1721
15 March 1917
30 December 1922
12 December 1991
12 December 1993
8 December 1999
18 March 2014
Area
• Total
17,098,246 km2 (6,601,670 sq mi)[11] 17,125,191 km2 (including Crimea)[12] (1st)
• Water (%)
13[13] (including swamps)
Population
• 2022 estimate
  • Neutral decrease 145,478,097
  • (including Crimea)[14]
  • Neutral decrease 143,054,637
  • (excluding Crimea)[14]
(9th)
• Density
8.4/km2 (21.8/sq mi) (181st)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $4.365 trillion[15] (6th)
• Per capita
Increase $30,013[15] (58th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.829 trillion[15] (11th)
• Per capita
Increase $12,575[15] (68th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 37.5[16]
medium · 98th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.824[17]
very high · 52nd
CurrencyRussian ruble () (RUB)
Time zoneUTC+2 to +12
Driving sideright
Calling code+7
ISO 3166 codeRU
Internet TLD

Russia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country spanning Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the largest country in the world by area, covering over 17,125,191 square kilometres (6,612,073 sq mi), and encompassing one-eighth of Earth's inhabitable landmass. Russia extends across eleven time zones and borders sixteen sovereign nations, the most of any country in the world. It is the ninth-most populous country and the most populous country in Europe, with a population of 145.5 million. The country's capital and largest city is Moscow, the largest city entirely within Europe. Saint Petersburg is Russia's cultural centre and second-largest city. Other major urban areas include Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod and Kazan.