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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Romania

Romania
România  (Romanian)
Anthem: "Deșteaptă-te, române!"
("Awaken thee, Romanian!")
EU-Romania (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Romania.svg
Location of Romania (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Bucharest
44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100
Official languagesRomanian[1]
Recognised minority
languages[2]
Ethnic groups
(2011)[3]
Religion
(2011)[4]
Demonym(s)Romanian
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
• President
Klaus Iohannis
Nicolae Ciucă
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Establishment history
24 January 1859
9 May 1877/1878
1918 / 1920
30 December 1947
27 December 1989[5][6][7]
Area
• Total
238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi) (81st)
• Water (%)
3
Population
• 1 January 2021 estimate
Neutral decrease 19,186,201[8][9] (61st)
• 2011 census
20,121,641[3]
• Density
80.4/km2 (208.2/sq mi) (136th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase$704.355 billion[10] (36th)
• Per capita
Increase$36,621 [10] (40th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase$314.876 billion[10] (47th)
• Per capita
Increase$17,500[10] (46th)
Gini (2020)Positive decrease 33.8[11]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.828[12]
very high · 49th
CurrencyRomanian leu (RON)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Driving sideright
Calling code+40
ISO 3166 codeRO
Internet TLD.roa
  1. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

Romania

Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. It borders Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, Moldova to the east, and the Black Sea to the southeast. It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate, and an area of 238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi), with a population of around 19 million. Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe and the sixth-most populous member state of the European Union. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Iași, Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Constanța, Craiova, Sibiu, Brașov, and Galați.