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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Portugal

Portuguese Republic
República Portuguesa (Portuguese)
Anthem: A Portuguesa
(English: "The Portuguese Song")
EU-Portugal (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Portugal with islands circled.svg
Location of Portugal (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

and largest city
38°46′N 9°9′W / 38.767°N 9.150°W / 38.767; -9.150
Official language
and national language
regional language
Mirandese[note 1]
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic[4]
• President
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
António Costa
LegislatureAssembly of the Republic
24 June 1128
• Kingdom
25 July 1139
1 December 1640
23 September 1822
• Republic
5 October 1910
25 April 1974
25 April 1976[note 3]
1 January 1986
• Total
92,212 km2 (35,603 sq mi)[5] (109th)
• Water (%)
1.2 (as of 2015)[6]
• 2021 census
Neutral decrease 10,344,802[3]
• Density
112.2[7]/km2 (290.6/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $406.2 billion[8] (52nd)
• Per capita
Increase $39,544[8] (58th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $271.2 billion[8] (47th)
• Per capita
Increase $26,404[8] (52nd)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 31.9[9]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.864[10]
very high · 38th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC (WET)
UTC−1 (Atlantic/Azores)
• Summer (DST)
UTC (Atlantic/Azores)
Note: Mainland Portugal and Madeira use WET/WEST, the Azores are 1 hour behind.
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+351
ISO 3166 codePT
Internet TLD.pt
  1. ^ Mirandese, spoken in some villages of the municipality of Miranda do Douro, was officially recognized in 1999 (Lei n.° 7/99 de 29 de Janeiro),[1] awarding it an official right-of-use.[2] Portuguese Sign Language is also recognized.
  2. ^ By country of citizenship
  3. ^ Portuguese Constitution adopted in 1976 with several subsequent minor revisions, between 1982 and 2005.


Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country whose mainland is located on the Iberian Peninsula, in Southwestern Europe, and whose territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira. It features the westernmost point in mainland Europe and its Iberian portion is bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain, the sole country to have a land border with Portugal. Its two archipelagos form two autonomous regions with their own regional governments. The official and national language is Portuguese. Lisbon is the capital and largest city.