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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Poland

Republic of Poland
Rzeczpospolita Polska  (Polish)
Anthem: Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
"Poland Is Not Yet Lost"
EU-Poland (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Poland.svg
Location of Poland (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Warsaw
52°13′N 21°02′E / 52.217°N 21.033°E / 52.217; 21.033
Official languagePolish[1]
Ethnic groups
(2011[2])
Religion
(2011[3])
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
• President
Andrzej Duda
Mateusz Morawiecki
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Sejm
Formation
14 April 966
18 April 1025
1 July 1569
24 October 1795
11 November 1918
17 September 1939
19 February 1947
31 December 1989[5]
Area
• Total
312,696 km2 (120,733 sq mi)[6] (69th)
• Water (%)
1.48 (2015)[7]
Population
• 2021 census
Neutral decrease 38,179,800[8] (38th)
• Density
123/km2 (318.6/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase$1.525 trillion[9] (20th)
• Per capita
Increase$41,685[9] (43th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $699.5 billion[9] (22nd)
• Per capita
Increase $18,506[9] (54th)
Gini (2020)Positive decrease 27.2[10]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.880[11]
very high · 35th
CurrencyZłoty (PLN)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+48
ISO 3166 codePL
Internet TLD.pl

Poland

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces called voivodeships, covering an area of 312,696 km2 (120,733 sq mi). Poland has a population of over 38 million and is the fifth-most populous member state of the European Union. Warsaw is the nation's capital and largest metropolis. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.