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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Poland

Republic of Poland

Rzeczpospolita Polska  (Polish)
Anthem: "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego"
(English: "Poland Is Not Yet Lost")
EU-Poland (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Poland.svg
Location of Poland (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Warsaw
52°13′N 21°02′E / 52.217°N 21.033°E / 52.217; 21.033
Official languagesPolish[1]
Ethnic groups
(2011[2][3])
Religion
(2019[4])
Demonym(s)
  • Polish
  • Pole
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential
constitutional republic
• President
Andrzej Duda
Mateusz Morawiecki
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Sejm
Formation
14 April 966
18 April 1025
1 July 1569
24 October 1795
11 November 1918
17 September 1939
19 February 1947
31 December 1989[6]
Area
• Total
312,696[7] km2 (120,733 sq mi)[b] (69th)
• Water (%)
1.48 (as of 2015)[9]
Population
• 2020 estimate
Neutral decrease 38,268,000[10] (38th)
• Density
123/km2 (318.6/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.363 trillion[11] (20th)
• Per capita
Increase $35,957[11] (39th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $642 billion[11] (22nd)
• Per capita
Increase $16,930[11] (44th)
Gini (2019)Negative increase 28.5[12]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.880[13]
very high · 35th
CurrencyZłoty (PLN)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+48
ISO 3166 codePL
Internet TLD.pl
Website
poland.pl

Poland

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of nearly 38.5 million people, Poland is the fifth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.