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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Philippines

Republic of the Philippines
Republika ng Pilipinas  (Filipino)
Maka-Diyos, Maka-tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa[1]
"For God, People, Nature and Country"
Anthem: Lupang Hinirang
"Chosen Land"
Great Seal:
Great Seal of the Philippines
PHL orthographic.svg
Location Philippines ASEAN.svg
CapitalManila (de jure)
14°35′N 120°58′E / 14.583°N 120.967°E / 14.583; 120.967
Metro Manila[a] (de facto)
Largest cityQuezon City
14°38′N 121°02′E / 14.633°N 121.033°E / 14.633; 121.033
Official languagesFilipino • English
Recognized regional languages
National sign language
Filipino Sign Language
Other recognized languages[b]
Ethnic groups
(masculine and neutral)

(colloquial masculine and neutral)
(colloquial feminine)

(used for certain common nouns)
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Ferdinand Marcos Jr.
Sara Duterte-Carpio
Vicente Sotto III
Lord Allan Velasco
Alexander Gesmundo
House of Representatives
from the United States
June 12, 1898
December 10, 1898
July 4, 1946
• Total
300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi) (72nd)
• Water (%)
0.61[6] (inland waters)
298,170 km2 (115,120 sq mi)
• 2021 estimate
• 2020 census
Neutral increase 109,035,343[8] (13th)
• Density
336/km2 (870.2/sq mi) (47th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.0 trillion[9] (29th)
• Per capita
Increase $9,061[9] (115th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $402.638 billion[9] (32nd)
• Per capita
Increase $3,646[9] (118th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 42.3[10]
medium · 44th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.718[11]
high · 107th
CurrencyPhilippine peso () (PHP)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (PST)
Date formatmm/dd/yyyy
Driving sideright[c]
Calling code+63
ISO 3166 codePH
Internet TLD.ph


The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It is situated in the western Pacific Ocean and consists of around 7,641 islands that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The Philippines is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the southwest. It shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east and southeast, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. The Philippines covers an area of 300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi) and, as of 2021, it had a population of around 109 million people, making it the world's thirteenth-most populous country. The Philippines has diverse ethnicities and cultures throughout its islands. Manila is the country's capital, while the largest city is Quezon City; both lie within the urban area of Metro Manila.