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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Peru

Republic of Peru

República del Perú  (Spanish)
Co-official names[a]
Motto: 
"Firme y feliz por la unión"  (Spanish)
"Firm and Happy for the Union"
Anthem: 
"Himno Nacional del Perú"  (Spanish)
"National Anthem of Peru"

March:
"Marcha de Banderas"  (Spanish)
"March of Flags"
National seal
Gran Sello de la República del Perú.svg
Gran Sello del Estado  (Spanish)
Great Seal of the State
PER orthographic.svg
Capital
and largest city
Lima
12°2.6′S 77°1.7′W / 12.0433°S 77.0283°W / -12.0433; -77.0283
Official languageSpanish
Co-official languages[a]
Ethnic groups
Religion
Demonym(s)Peruvian
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic[2][3]
• President
Francisco Sagasti
Vacant
Violeta Bermúdez
Mirtha Vásquez (acting)
LegislatureCongress of the Republic
Independence 
• Declared
28 July 1821
9 December 1824
• Recognized
14 August 1879
Area
• Total
1,285,216 km2 (496,225 sq mi) (19th)
• Water (%)
0.41
Population
• 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 32,824,358 [4] (44th)
• 2017 census
31,237,385
• Density
23/km2 (59.6/sq mi) (198th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $385.719 billion[5] (47th)
• Per capita
Decrease $11,516[5] (103rd)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $195.761 billion[5] (49th)
• Per capita
Decrease $5,845[5] (86th)
Gini (2017)Positive decrease 43.3[6]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.777[7]
high · 79th
CurrencySol (PEN)
Time zoneUTC−5 (PET)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+51
ISO 3166 codePE
Internet TLD.pe

Peru

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a megadiverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river. At 1.28 million km2, Peru is the 19th largest country in the world, and the third largest in South America.