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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Papua New Guinea

Independent State of Papua New Guinea
  • Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini (Tok Pisin)
  • Independen Stet bilong Papua Niu Gini (Hiri Motu)
Motto: 'Unity in diversity'[1]
Anthem: "O Arise, All You Sons"[2]
Location of Papua New Guinea (green)
Location of Papua New Guinea (green)
and largest city
Port Moresby
09°28′44″S 147°08′58″E / 9.47889°S 147.14944°E / -9.47889; 147.14944
Official languages[3][4]
Indigenous languages
851 languages[5]
Ethnic groups
(2011 census)[6]
Demonym(s)Papua New Guinean
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary
constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Charles III
Bob Dadae
James Marape
LegislatureNational Parliament
1 July 1949
16 September 1975
• Total
462,840 km2 (178,700 sq mi) (54th)
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 8,935,000 (98th)
• 2011 census
• Density
15/km2 (38.8/sq mi) (201st)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$32.382 billion[8] (124th)
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$21.543 billion[8] (110th)
• Per capita
Gini (2009)41.9[9]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.555[10]
medium · 155th
CurrencyKina (PGK)
Time zoneUTC+10, +11 (PNGST)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+675
ISO 3166 codePG
Internet TLD.pg

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea, officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is a country in Oceania that comprises the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia. Its capital, located along its southeastern coast, is Port Moresby. The country is the world's third largest island country with an area of 462,840 km2 (178,700 sq mi).