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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Panama

Republic of Panama
República de Panamá  (Spanish)
Motto: "Pro Mundi Beneficio"
"For the Benefit of the World"
Anthem: Himno Istmeño  (Spanish)
Hymn of the Isthmus
Location of Panama
Capital
and largest city
Panama City
8°58′N 79°32′W / 8.967°N 79.533°W / 8.967; -79.533
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups
(2010[1])
Religion
(2015)[2]
Demonym(s)Panamanian
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Laurentino Cortizo
Jose Gabriel Carrizo
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence
• from Spanish Empire
November 28, 1821
• union with Gran Colombia
December 1821
November 3, 1903
November 13, 1945
October 11, 1972
Area
• Total
75,417 km2 (29,119 sq mi)[3][4] (116th)
• Water (%)
2.9
Population
• 2021 estimate
4,379,039[5]
• 2010 census
3,405,813[6]
• Density
56/km2 (145.0/sq mi) (122nd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$121.749 billion[7] (80th)
• Per capita
$28,456[7] (57th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$73.369 billion[7] (70th)
• Per capita
$17,148[7] (52nd)
Gini (2017)Positive decrease 49.9[8]
high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.815[9]
very high · 57th
Currency
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+507
ISO 3166 codePA
Internet TLD.pa

Panama

Panama, officially the Republic of Panama, is a transcontinental country in Central America and South America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country's 4 million people.