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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاكِستان (Urdu)
  • Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān[1]
Motto: Īmān, Ittihād, Nazam
ایمان، اتحاد، نظم
"Faith, Unity, Discipline"[2]
Anthem: Qaumī Tarānah
قَومی ترانہ
"The National Anthem"
Land controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; land claimed but not controlled shown in light green
Land controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; land claimed but not controlled shown in light green
CapitalIslamabad
33°41′30″N 73°03′00″E / 33.69167°N 73.05000°E / 33.69167; 73.05000
Largest cityKarachi
24°51′36″N 67°00′36″E / 24.86000°N 67.01000°E / 24.86000; 67.01000
Official languages
Regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2020[3])
Religion
Demonym(s)Pakistani
GovernmentFederal Islamic parliamentary republic
• President
Arif Alvi
Shehbaz Sharif
Sadiq Sanjrani
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf
Umar Ata Bandial
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Independence 
• Dominion
14 August 1947
23 March 1956
12 January 1972
14 August 1973
Area
• Total
881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi)[a][7] (33rd)
• Water (%)
2.86
Population
• 2022 estimate
242,923,845[8] (5th)
• Density
244.4/km2 (633.0/sq mi) (56th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.468 trillion[9] (24th)
• Per capita
Increase $6,470[9] (168th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $347 billion[9] (44th)
• Per capita
Increase $1,562[9] (178th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 31.6[10]
medium
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.544[11]
low · 161st
CurrencyPakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)
Time zoneUTC+05:00 (PKT)
DST is not observed
Date format
Driving sideleft[12]
Calling code+92
ISO 3166 codePK
Internet TLD
Preceded by
Dominion of Pakistan

Pakistan

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's fifth-most populous country, with a population of almost 242 million, and has the world's second-largest Muslim population. Pakistan is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. It has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south, and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China to the northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.