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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Pakistan

Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  • اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاكِستان (Urdu)
  • Islāmī Jumhūriyah Pākistān[1]
Motto: Īmān, Ittihād, Nazam
ایمان، اتحاد، نظم (Urdu)
"Faith, Unity, Discipline"[2]
Anthem: Qaumī Tarānah
قَومی ترانہ
"The National Anthem"
Land controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; land claimed but not controlled shown in light green
Land controlled by Pakistan shown in dark green; land claimed but not controlled shown in light green
CapitalIslamabad
33°41′30″N 73°03′00″E / 33.69167°N 73.05000°E / 33.69167; 73.05000
Largest cityKarachi
24°51′36″N 67°00′36″E / 24.86000°N 67.01000°E / 24.86000; 67.01000
Official languages
Regional languagesPunjabi (39%) • Pashto (18%) • Sindhi (15%) • Saraiki (12%) • Balochi (3%) • Hindko (2%) • Pothwari (1%) • Brahui (1%) • Kashmiri (0.17%)

BaltiBurushaskiDameliDomaakiGawar-BatiKalashaKhowarKohistaniKutchiMemoniShinaWakhiYidgha
Ethnic groups
(2020[3])
Religion
(2017[5])
Demonym(s)Pakistani
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republic
• President
Arif Alvi
Imran Khan
Sadiq Sanjrani
Asad Qaiser
Gulzar Ahmed
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Independence 
• Dominion
14 August 1947
23 March 1956
12 January 1972
14 August 1973
Area
• Total
881,913 km2 (340,509 sq mi)[a][7] (33rd)
• Water (%)
2.86
Population
• 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 225,199,937[8] (5th)
• 2017 census
Neutral increase 207.8 million
• Density
244.4/km2 (633.0/sq mi) (56th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.110 trillion[9] (26th)
• Per capita
Increase $5,839[9] (139th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $296 billion[9] (43rd)
• Per capita
Increase $1,543[9] (159th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 31.6[10]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.557[11]
medium · 152nd
CurrencyPakistani rupee (₨) (PKR)
Time zoneUTC+05:00 (PKT)
DST is not observed
Date format
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft[12]
Calling code+92
ISO 3166 codePK
Internet TLD

Pakistan

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's fifth-most populous country, with a population exceeding 225.1 million, and has the world's second-largest Muslim population. Pakistan is the 33rd-largest country by area, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. It has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south, and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China to the northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the north, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.