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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Nigeria

Federal Republic of Nigeria

  • ـِ ترـِى‎ر هجمـُو‎ـرِىر  (Hausa)
    Jamhuriyar Taraiyar ta Najeriya
  • Orílẹ̀-èdè Olómìniira Àpapọ̀ Nàìjíríà  (Yoruba)
  • Ọ̀hàńjíkọ̀ Ọ̀hànézè Naìjíríyà  (Igbo)
Motto: "Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress"
Nigeria (orthographic projection).svg
Location Nigeria AU Africa.svg
9°4′N 7°29′E / 9.067°N 7.483°E / 9.067; 7.483
Largest cityLagos
Official languagesEnglish
National languages
Other languages[1]
Ethnic groups
GovernmentFederal presidential constitutional republic
• President
Muhammadu Buhari
Yemi Osinbajo
Ahmed Lawan
Femi Gbajabiamila
Justice Ibrahim Tanko Muhammad
LegislatureNational Assembly
House of Representatives
1 October 1960
1 October 1963
29 May 1999
• Total
923,769 km2 (356,669 sq mi) (32nd)
• Water (%)
• 2021 estimate
211,400,708[3] (7th)
• 2006 census
• Density
218/km2 (564.6/sq mi) (42nd)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
$1.116 trillion[4] (25th)
• Per capita
$5,280 (129th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
$514.049 billion[4] (27th)
• Per capita
$2,432 (137th)
Gini (2020)Positive decrease 35.1[5]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.539[6]
low · 161st
CurrencyNaira (₦) (NGN)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (WAT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+234
ISO 3166 codeNG
Internet TLD.ng


Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa. It borders Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its southern coast is on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria is a federal republic comprising 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. Lagos, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world, is the largest city in Nigeria and the continent of Africa. Nigeria is the largest country in both West Africa and Africa by population with a population of 211 million while covering an area of 923,769 square kilometers. Nigeria is the world's 32nd largest country by size and the 7th largest country by population. Nigeria is the largest anglophone country in Africa and is one of the world's most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations. Nigeria is Africa's richest country by nominal GDP surpassing Egypt and South Africa and is the 27th richest country in the world.