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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Nicaragua

Republic of Nicaragua
República de Nicaragua  (Spanish)
Motto: En Dios confiamos  (Spanish)
"In God We Trust"[a]
Anthem: Salve a ti, Nicaragua  (Spanish)
"Hail to Thee, Nicaragua"
Location of Nicaragua
and largest city
12°6′N 86°14′W / 12.100°N 86.233°W / 12.100; -86.233
Official languagesSpanish
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential republic
• President
Daniel Ortega
Rosario Murillo
LegislatureNational Assembly
Independence from Spain, Mexico and the Federal Republic of Central America
• Declared
15 September 1821
• Recognized
25 July 1850
• from the First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
31 May 1838
24 October 1945
• Revolution
19 July 1979
• Current constitution
9 January 1987[3]
• Total
130,375 km2 (50,338 sq mi) (96th)
• Water (%)
• 2019 estimate
6,486,201[4] (112th)
• 2012 census
• Density
51/km2 (132.1/sq mi) (155th)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
• Total
$35.757 billion[6] (115th)
• Per capita
$5,683[6] (129th)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
• Total
$13.380 billion[6] (127th)
• Per capita
$2,126[6] (134th)
Gini (2014)46.2[7]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.660[8]
medium · 128th
CurrencyCórdoba (NIO)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+505
ISO 3166 codeNI
Internet TLD.ni


Nicaragua, officially the Republic of Nicaragua, is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. Managua is the country's capital and largest city. As of 2015, it was estimated to be the second largest city in Central America. The multi-ethnic population of six million includes people of mestizo, indigenous, European and African heritage. The main language is Spanish. Indigenous tribes on the Mosquito Coast speak their own languages and English.