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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in New Zealand

New Zealand

Aotearoa (Māori)
A map of the hemisphere centred on New Zealand, using an orthographic projection.
Location of New Zealand, including outlying islands, its territorial claim in the Antarctic, and Tokelau
41°18′S 174°47′E / 41.300°S 174.783°E / -41.300; 174.783
Largest cityAuckland
Official languages
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)New Zealander
Kiwi (informal)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Elizabeth II
Patsy Reddy
Jacinda Ardern
(House of Representatives)
Stages of independence 
7 May 1856
• Dominion
26 September 1907

25 November 1947
• Total
268,021 km2 (103,483 sq mi) (75th)
• Water (%)
1.6[n 4]
• August 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 5,127,760[6] (121st)
• 2018 census
• Density
19.0/km2 (49.2/sq mi) (167th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $205.541 billion[8]
• Per capita
Decrease $41,072[8] (29th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $193.545 billion[8]
• Per capita
Decrease $38,675[8] (23rd)
Gini (2019)Negative increase 33.9[9]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.931[10]
very high · 14th
CurrencyNew Zealand dollar ($) (NZD)
Time zoneUTC+12 (NZST[n 5])
• Summer (DST)
UTC+13 (NZDT[n 6])
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy[12]
Driving sideleft
Calling code+64
ISO 3166 codeNZ
Internet TLD.nz

New Zealand

New Zealand is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It consists of two main landmasses—the North Island and the South Island —and more than 700 smaller islands, covering a total area of 268,021 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi). New Zealand is about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the islands of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. The country's varied topography and sharp mountain peaks, including the Southern Alps, owe much to tectonic uplift and volcanic eruptions. New Zealand's capital city is Wellington, and its most populous city is Auckland.