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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in New Caledonia

New Caledonia
Nouvelle-Calédonie  (French)
"Terre de parole, terre de partage" (French)
(English: "Land of speech, land of sharing")
Anthem: La Marseillaise
("The Marseillaise")
Location of New Caledonia
Location of New Caledonia
Sovereign state France
Annexed by France24 September 1853
Overseas territory1946
Nouméa Accord5 May 1998
and largest city
22°16′S 166°28′E / 22.267°S 166.467°E / -22.267; 166.467
Official languagesFrench
Recognised regional languages
Demonym(s)New Caledonian
GovernmentDevolved parliamentary dependency
Emmanuel Macron
Louis Mapou
Roch Wamytan
Patrice Faure
• President of the Customary Senate
Yvon Kona
LegislatureCongress of New Caledonia
French Parliament
• Senate
2 senators (of 348)
2 seats (of 577)
• Total
18,576 km2 (7,172 sq mi)
• Land
18,275 km2 (7,056 sq mi)
• Water (%)
Highest elevation1,628 m (5,341 ft)
• 2019 census
271,407[1] (184th)
• Density
14.5/km2 (37.6/sq mi) (200th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
US$9.44 billion[2]
• Per capita
CurrencyCFP franc (XPF)
Time zoneUTC+11:00
Driving sideright
Calling code+687
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD.nc

New Caledonia

New Caledonia is a sui generis collectivity of overseas France in the southwest Pacific Ocean, south of Vanuatu, about 1,210 km (750 mi) east of Australia, and 17,000 km (11,000 mi) from Metropolitan France. The archipelago, part of the Melanesia subregion, includes the main island of Grande Terre, the Loyalty Islands, the Chesterfield Islands, the Belep archipelago, the Isle of Pines, and a few remote islets. The Chesterfield Islands are in the Coral Sea. French people, especially locals, call Grande Terre "Le Caillou".