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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Netherlands

Nederland  (Dutch)
Motto: "Je maintiendrai"  (French)
(English: "I will maintain")
Anthem: "Wilhelmus"  (Dutch)
(English: "William of Nassau")
Location of the European part of the Netherlands (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green)
Location of the European part of the Netherlands (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)

Location of the Caribbean municipalities (green)
Location of the Caribbean municipalities (green)
and largest city
52°22′N 4°53′E / 52.367°N 4.883°E / 52.367; 4.883
Government seatThe Hague[a]
Official languagesDutch
Ethnic groups
Sovereign stateKingdom of the Netherlands
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Mark Rutte
LegislatureStates General
House of Representatives
Independence from Spain
26 July 1581
30 January 1648
• Kingdom established
16 March 1815
5 May 1945
• Charter
15 December 1954
10 October 2010
• Total
41,865[5][6] km2 (16,164 sq mi) (131st)
• Water (%)
• 2022 estimate
Neutral increase 17,682,700[8] (67th)
• 2011 census
• Density
423/km2 (1,095.6/sq mi) (16th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.055 trillion[10] (27th)
• Per capita
Increase $60,461[10] (11th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.012 trillion[10] (17th)
• Per capita
Increase $58,003[10] (12th)
Gini (2020)Negative increase 27.5[11]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.944[12]
very high · 8th
Time zone
• Summer (DST)
Note: Even though the European Netherlands are located within the UTC±0 longitudes, the country adopted UTC+01:00 (Central European Time) as its standard time under German occupation on 2 November 1942, with a +0:40:28 offset (+1:40:28 during DST) from Amsterdam’s LMT (UTC+0:19:32).[14]
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+31, +599[g]
ISO 3166 codeNL
Internet TLD.nl, .bq[h]
Location of Netherlands


The Netherlands, informally Holland, is a country located in Western Europe with overseas territories in the Caribbean. It is the largest of four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. In Europe, the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces, bordering Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with those countries and the United Kingdom. In the Caribbean, it consists of the three constituent countries Aruba, Curaçao and Sint Maarten, together forming the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Further special municipalities: the islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba. The country's official language is Dutch, with West Frisian as a secondary official language in the province of Friesland, and English and Papiamento as secondary official languages in the Caribbean Netherlands. Dutch Low Saxon and Limburgish are recognised regional languages, while Dutch Sign Language, Sinte Romani, and Yiddish are recognised non-territorial languages.