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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Nepal

Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
  • सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल (Nepali)
  • Saṅghīya Loktāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepāl
Motto: Janani Janmabhumishcha Swargadapi Gariyasi (Sanskrit)
"Mother and Motherland Are Greater Than Heaven"
Anthem: Sayaun Thunga Phulka
"Made of Hundreds of Flowers"
Image of a globe centred on Nepal, with Nepal highlighted.
Area controlled by Nepal shown in dark green;
regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green
and largest city
28°10′N 84°15′E / 28.167°N 84.250°E / 28.167; 84.250Coordinates: 28°10′N 84°15′E / 28.167°N 84.250°E / 28.167; 84.250
Official languagesNepali[2]
Recognised national languagesAll mother-tongues[3][4]
(see Languages of Nepal)
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Nepali, Nepalese
GovernmentFederal parliamentary republic
• President
Bidya Devi Bhandari[6]
Sher Bahadur Deuba (NC)[6]
LegislatureFederal Parliament
National Assembly
House of Representatives
• Kingdom
25 September 1768[7]
4 March 1816
21 December 1923
28 May 2008
20 September 2015
• Total
147,516 km2 (56,956 sq mi) (93rd)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
Neutral increase 28,095,714[10][11] (49th)
• 2011 census
• Density
180/km2 (466.2/sq mi) (50th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $122.62 billion[13] (84th)
• Per capita
Increase $4,199[13] (144th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $36.084 billion (98th)
• Per capita
Increase $1,236[13] (158th)
Gini (2010)32.8[14]
medium · 115th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.602[15]
medium · 142nd
CurrencyNepalese rupee (Rs, रू) (NPR)
Time zoneUTC+05:45 (Nepal Standard Time)
DST not observed
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz[16]
Driving sideleft
Calling code+977
ISO 3166 codeNP
Internet TLD.np


Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is mainly situated in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain, bordering Tibet of China to the north, and India in the south, east, and west, while it is narrowly separated from Bangladesh by the Siliguri Corridor, and from Bhutan by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-cultural state, with Nepali as the official language. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and the largest city.