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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Myanmar

Republic of the Union of Myanmar
  • ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌  (Burmese)
  • Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw
Myanmar (orthographic projection).svg
Location Burma (Myanmar) ASEAN.svg
Location of Myanmar (green)

in ASEAN (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

19°45′N 96°6′E / 19.750°N 96.100°E / 19.750; 96.100
Largest cityYangon (Rangoon)[b]
Official languagesBurmese
Recognised regional languages
Official scriptBurmese script
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Burmese / Myanma[5]
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary assembly-independent republic under a military junta
• President
Myint Swe (acting)
Min Aung Hlaing
Soe Win
LegislatureAssembly of the Union
House of Nationalities
House of Representatives
c. 180 BCE
23 December 849
16 October 1510
29 February 1752
1 January 1886
4 January 1948
2 March 1962
• Renamed from "Burma" to "Myanmar"
18 June 1989
• Restoration of presidency
30 March 2011
1 February 2021
• Total
676,578 km2 (261,228 sq mi) (39th)
• Water (%)
• 2017 census
53,582,855 (2017)[6] (26th)
• Density
76/km2 (196.8/sq mi) (125th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Decrease $258 billion[7] (63rd)
• Per capita
Decrease $4,830[7] (142th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Decrease $78 billion[7] (71nd)
• Per capita
Decrease $1,422[7] (160th)
Gini (2017)Positive decrease 30.7[8]
HDI (2019)Decrease 0.583[9]
medium · 147th
CurrencyKyat (K) (MMK)
Time zoneUTC+06:30 (MMT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+95
ISO 3166 codeMM
Internet TLD.mm
  1. ^ Also spelled "Nay Pyi Taw".
  2. ^ Also spelled "Rangoon".


Myanmar or Burma, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest. Myanmar is the largest country in Mainland Southeast Asia and the 10th largest in Asia by area. As of 2017, the population was about 54 million. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city is Yangon (Rangoon).