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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Monaco

Principality of Monaco
Principauté de Monaco (French)
Prinçipatu de Múnegu (Ligurian)
Motto: "Deo Juvante" (Latin)
(English: "With God's Help")
Anthem: Hymne Monégasque
(English: "Hymn of Monaco")
Location of Monaco (green) in Europe (green & dark grey)
Location of Monaco (green)

in Europe (green & dark grey)

CapitalMonaco (city-state)
43°43′52″N 07°25′12″E / 43.73111°N 7.42000°E / 43.73111; 7.42000Coordinates: 43°43′52″N 07°25′12″E / 43.73111°N 7.42000°E / 43.73111; 7.42000
Largest quarterMonte Carlo
Official languagesFrench[1]
Common languages
Ethnic groups
  • Monégasque
  • Monacan[c]
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Albert II
• Minister
Pierre Dartout
LegislatureNational Council
• House of Grimaldi (under the sovereignty of the Republic of Genoa)
8 January 1297
• from the French Empire
17 May 1814
• from occupation of the Sixth Coalition
17 June 1814
2 February 1861
5 January 1911
• Total
2.02 km2 (0.78 sq mi) (194th)
• Water (%)
• 2019 estimate
Steady 38,300[5] (190th)
• 2016 census
• Density
18,713/km2 (48,466.4/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
Increase $7.672 billion (2015 est.)[7] (168th)
• Per capita
Increase $115,700 (2015 est.)[7] (3rd)
GDP (nominal)2019[b] estimate
• Total
Increase $7.424 billion[8] (159th)
• Per capita
Increase $190,513[9] (2nd)
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright[10]
Calling code+377
ISO 3166 codeMC
Internet TLD.mc
  1. ^ Government offices are however, located in the Quartier of Monaco-Ville.
  2. ^ GDP per capita calculations include non-resident workers from France and Italy.
  3. ^ Monacan is the term for residents.


Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco, is a sovereign city-state and microstate on the French Riviera a few kilometres west of the Italian region of Liguria, in Western Europe, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by France to the north, east and west. The principality is home to 38,682 residents, of whom 9,486 are Monégasque nationals; it is widely recognised as one of the most expensive and wealthiest places in the world. The official language of the principality is French. In addition, Monégasque, Italian and English are spoken and understood by many residents.