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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Moldova

Republic of Moldova
Republica Moldova  (Romanian)
Anthem: "Limba noastră"
(English: "Our language")
Location of Moldova in Europe (green) and its uncontrolled territory of Transnistria (light green)
Location of Moldova in Europe (green)
and its uncontrolled territory of Transnistria (light green)
Capital
and largest city
Chișinău
47°0′N 28°55′E / 47.000°N 28.917°E / 47.000; 28.917
Official languagesRomanian (also called Moldovan)[1][2]
Recognised minority
languages
[3][4][5]
Ethnic groups
(2014; excluding Transnistria)
75.1% Moldovan[a]
7.0% Romanian
6.6% Ukrainian
4.6% Gagauz
4.1% Russian
1.9% Bulgarian
0.36% Romani
0.07% Poles
0.89% Other
Religion
(2014; excluding Transnistria)
91.8% Christianity
—90.1% Eastern Orthodoxy
—1.7% Other Christian
5.5% No religion
2.4% Unspecified
0.3% Other[6]
Demonym(s)Moldovan
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional secular republic
• President
Maia Sandu
Natalia Gavrilița
Igor Grosu
LegislatureParliament
Formation
1346
1812
15 December 1917
9 April 1918
12 October 1924
2 August 1940
27 August 1991b
2 March 1992
• Constitution adopted
29 July 1994
Area
• Including Transnistria
33,843.5[7] km2 (13,067.0 sq mi) (135th)
• Water (%)
1.4 (including Transnistria)
• Excluding Transnistria
30,334 km2 (11,712 sq mi) [b]
Population
• 1 January 2021 estimate
Decrease 2,597,100 [9]
(excludes Transnistria) (138nd)
• Density
85.5[10]/km2 (221.4/sq mi) (125th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $35.906 billion[11] (134st)
• Per capita
Increase $13,879[11] (118th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $11.998 billion[11] (144nd)
• Per capita
Increase $4,638[11] (123th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 25.7[12]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.750[13]
high · 90th
CurrencyMoldovan leu (MDL)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+373
ISO 3166 codeMD
Internet TLD.md
  1. As determined by the Moldovan Declaration of Independence, which the Constitutional court of Moldova found to take precedence over Article 13 of the Constitution, which uses the name "Moldovan".[1]
  2. Date of proclamation. Independence subsequently finalized with the dissolution of the USSR in December 1991.

Moldova

Moldova, officially the Republic of Moldova, is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south. Additionally, the unrecognised state of Transnistria, internationally recognised as part of Moldova, lies across the Dniester on the country's eastern Ukrainian border. The capital and largest city is Chișinău.