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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Mexico

United Mexican States
Estados Unidos Mexicanos  (Spanish)
La Patria Es Primero  (Spanish)
("The Homeland is First")
Anthem: Himno Nacional Mexicano
("Mexican National Anthem")
Location of Mexico
and largest city
Mexico City
19°26′N 99°08′W / 19.433°N 99.133°W / 19.433; -99.133
Official languages
Recognized regional languagesSpanish and 68 Amerindian languages[a]
National languageSpanish (de facto)[b]
Ethnic groups
56 Amerindian and diverse foreign ethnic groups
GovernmentFederal presidential
• President
Andrés Manuel López Obrador
Olga Sánchez Cordero
Sergio Gutiérrez Luna
Arturo Zaldívar
Chamber of Deputies
from Spain
• Declared
16 September 1810[3]
27 September 1821
28 December 1836
4 October 1824
5 February 1857
5 February 1917
• Total
1,972,550 km2 (761,610 sq mi) (13th)
• Water (%)
1.58 (as of 2015)[4]
• 2020 census
126,014,024[1] (10th)
• Density
61/km2 (158.0/sq mi) (142nd)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $2.715 trillion[5] (11th)
• Per capita
Increase $21,362[5] (64th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $1.322 trillion[5] (15th)
• Per capita
Increase $10,405[5] (64th)
Gini (2018)Positive decrease 41.8[6]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.779[7]
high · 74th
CurrencyMexican peso (MXN)
Time zoneUTC−8 to −5 (See Time in Mexico)
• Summer (DST)
UTC−7 to −5 (varies)
Driving sideright
Calling code+52
ISO 3166 codeMX
Internet TLD.mx
  1. ^ Article 4 of the General Law of Linguistic Rights of the Indigenous Peoples.[8][9]
  2. ^ Spanish is de facto the official language in the Mexican federal government.


Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Mexico covers 1,972,550 square kilometers (761,610 sq mi), making it the world's 13th-largest country by area; with approximately 126,014,024 inhabitants, it is the 10th-most-populous country and has the most Spanish-speakers. Mexico is organized as a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, its capital and largest metropolis. Other major urban areas include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, Ciudad Juárez, and León.