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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Maldives

Republic of Maldives
  • ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ (Dhivehi)
  • Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa
Motto: "الدولة المحلديبية"  
(English: "State of the Mahal Dibiyat")
Anthem: "Qaumii salaam"
(English: "National Salute")
Location of Maldives in the Indian Ocean
Location of Maldives in the Indian Ocean
and largest city
Official languagesDhivehi
Recognised languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups
≈100% Maldivians[1][2][3]
Sunni Islam (official)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Ibrahim Mohamed Solih[4]
Faisal Naseem[5]
Mohamed Nasheed[6]
Ahmed Muthasim Adnan[7]
LegislaturePeople's Majlis
• from the United Kingdom
26 July 1965
• Republic proclaimed
11 November 1968
7 August 2008
• Total
300[8] km2 (120 sq mi) (186th)
• 2020 estimate
557,426 or 379,270a [9] (178th)
• 2014 census
437,535 or 339,761a [9]
• Density
1,102.5/km2 (2,855.5/sq mi) (11th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $8.972 billion[10] (163rd)
• Per capita
Increase $23,343 [10] (58th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Decrease $4.536 billion[10] (156th)
• Per capita
Decrease $11,801[10]
Gini (2016)Positive decrease 31.3[11]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.740[12]
high · 95th
Time zoneUTC+5 (Maldives Time)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Mains electricity240 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft
Calling code+960
ISO 3166 codeMV
Internet TLD.mv
  1. Excluding resident foreign nationals


Maldives, officially the Republic of Maldives, is an archipelagic country in the Indian subcontinent of Asia, situated in the Indian Ocean. It lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India, about 750 kilometres from the Asian continent's mainland. The chain of 26 atolls stretches from Ihavandhippolhu Atoll in the north to Addu Atoll in the south. Comprising a territory spanning roughly 90,000 square kilometres (35,000 sq mi) including the sea, land area of all the islands comprises 298 square kilometres (115 sq mi), Maldives is one of the world's most geographically dispersed sovereign states and the smallest Asian country as well as one of the smallest Muslim countries by land area and, with around 557,751 inhabitants, the 2nd least populous country in Asia. Malé is the capital and the most populated city, traditionally called the "King's Island" where the ancient royal dynasties ruled for its central location.