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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Maldives

Republic of Maldives

  • ދިވެހިރާއްޖޭގެ ޖުމްހޫރިއްޔާ (Dhivehi)
  • Dhivehi Raajjeyge Jumhooriyyaa
Anthem: Qaumii salaam
National Salute
Location of Maldives in the Indian Ocean
Location of Maldives in the Indian Ocean
and largest city
Official languagesDhivehi
Recognised languagesEnglish
Ethnic groups
≈100% Maldivians[1][2][3]
Sunni Islam (mandated by law)
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Ibrahim Mohamed Solih[4]
Faisal Naseem[5]
Mohamed Nasheed[6]
Ahmed Muthasim Adnan[7]
LegislaturePeople's Majlis
• from the United Kingdom
26 July 1965
• Republic proclaimed
11 November 1968
7 August 2008
• Total
300[8] km2 (120 sq mi) (186th)
• 2020 estimate
557,426 or 379,270a [9] (178th)
• 2014 census
437,535 or 339,761a [9]
• Density
1,102.5/km2 (2,855.5/sq mi) (11th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
Increase $8.972 billion[10] (163rd)
• Per capita
Increase $23,343 [10] (58th)
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
Decrease $4.536 billion[10] (156th)
• Per capita
Decrease $11,801[10]
Gini (2005–2013)37.4[11]
medium · 76th (CIA)
HDI (2019)Increase 0.740[12]
high · 95th
CurrencyMaldivian rufiyaa (MVR)
Time zoneUTC+5 (Maldives Time)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Mains electricity240 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft
Calling code+960
ISO 3166 codeMV
Internet TLD.mv
  1. Excluding resident foreign nationals


Maldives, officially the Republic of Maldives, is a small archipelagic state in South Asia situated in the Indian Ocean. It lies southwest of Sri Lanka and India, about 700 kilometres (430 mi) from the Asian continent's mainland. The chain of 26 atolls stretches from Ihavandhippolhu Atoll in the north to Addu Atoll in the south. Comprising a territory spanning roughly 298 square kilometres (115 sq mi), Maldives is one of the world's most geographically dispersed sovereign states as well as the smallest Asian country by land area and, with around 557,426 inhabitants, the 2nd least populous country in Asia. Malé is the capital and the most populated city, traditionally called the "King's Island" where the ancient royal dynasties ruled for its central location.