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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Malawi

Republic of Malawi
Dziko la Malaŵi  (Chichewa)
Charu cha Malaŵi  (Chitumbuka)
Motto: "Unity and Freedom"
Anthem: Mlungu dalitsani Malaŵi  (Chichewa)
(English: "O God Bless Our Land of Malawi")[1]
Location of Malawi (dark green) in southeast Africa
Location of Malawi (dark green) in southeast Africa
and largest city
13°57′S 33°42′E / 13.950°S 33.700°E / -13.950; 33.700
Official languages
Recognised regional languages
Ethnic groups
(2018 Census[2])
(2018 Census)[3]
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Lazarus Chakwera
Saulos Chilima
Catherine Gotani Hara
Rizine Mzikamanda
LegislatureNational Assembly
• Dominion
6 July 1964
• Republic
6 July 1966
• Current constitution
18 May 1994
• Total
118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi) (98th)
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
Neutral increase 20,091,635[4] (62nd)
• 2018 census
• Density
153.1/km2 (396.5/sq mi) (56th)
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
$30.44 billion[5]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
$11.9 billion[7]
• Per capita
Gini (2016)Negative increase 44.7[9]
HDI (2019)Decrease 0.483[10]
low · 174th
CurrencyMalawian kwacha (D) (MWK)
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Driving sideleft
Calling code+265[11]
ISO 3166 codeMW
Internet TLD.mw[11]
* Population estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.


Malawi, officially the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in Southeastern Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the west, Tanzania to the north and northeast, and Mozambique to the east, south and southwest. Malawi spans over 118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 19,431,566. Malawi's capital is Lilongwe. Its second-largest is Blantyre, its third-largest is Mzuzu and its fourth-largest is its former capital, Zomba. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name for the Chewa people who inhabit the area. The country is nicknamed "The Warm Heart of Africa" because of the friendliness of its people.