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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Madagascar

Republic of Madagascar

  • Repoblikan'i Madagasikara  (Malagasy)
  • République de Madagascar  (French)
Motto: 
  • "Fitiavana, Tanindrazana, Fandrosoana" (Malagasy)
  • "Amour, Patrie, Progrès" (French)
  • "Love, Fatherland, Progress"[1]
Anthem: Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô!
Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors!
Location of Madagascar (dark green)
Location of Madagascar (dark green)
Capital
and largest city
Antananarivo
18°55′S 47°31′E / 18.917°S 47.517°E / -18.917; 47.517
Official languages
Ethnic groups
(2004[2])
Religion
(2020)[3]
Demonym(s)Malagasy[4][5]
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
• President
Andry Rajoelina
Christian Ntsay
Rivo Rakotovao
Christine Razanamahasoa[6]
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Formation
1540
6 August 1896
• Republic proclaimed
14 October 1958
• Full independence
26 June 1960
Area
• Total
587,041 km2 (226,658 sq mi) (46th)
• Water
5,501 km2 (2,124 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0.9%
Population
• 2021 estimate
28,427,328[9] (52nd)
• Density
35.2/km2 (91.2/sq mi) (174th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$45.948 billion[10]
• Per capita
$1,697[10]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$12.734 billion[10]
• Per capita
$471[10]
Gini (2010)44.1[11]
medium
HDI (2019)Increase 0.528[12]
low · 164th
CurrencyAriary (MGA)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed[13])
Driving sideright
Calling code+261[13]
ISO 3166 codeMG
Internet TLD.mg

Madagascar

Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar, and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometres off the coast of East Africa across the Mozambique Channel. At 592,800 square kilometres (228,900 sq mi) Madagascar is the world's second-largest island country. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.