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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Macau

Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China
Cantonese Romanization:Jūng'wàh Yàhnmàhn Guhng'wòhgwok Oumún Dahkbiht Hàhngjingkēui
Portuguese:Região Administrativa Especial de Macau da República Popular da China
Location of Macau within China
Location of Macau within China
Sovereign statePeople's Republic of China
Portuguese lease1557
Treaty of Peking1 December 1887
Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration26 March 1987
Transfer from Portugal20 December 1999
Largest parish
by population
Nossa Senhora de Fátima
Official languages
Ethnic groups
88.4% Han Chinese
4.6% Filipino
2.4% Vietnamese
1.7% Portuguese
2.8% Others[3]
GovernmentDevolved executive-led system within a socialist republic
Ho Iat-seng
André Cheong Weng-chon
Kou Hoi In [zh]
Sam Hou Fai
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
National representation
12 deputies
29 delegates[4]
• Total
115.3 km2 (44.5 sq mi)
• Water (%)
Highest elevation172.4 m (565.6 ft)
• 2020 estimate
682,800[citation needed] (166th)
• Density
21,340/km2 (55,270.3/sq mi) (1st)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $40 billion[5] (115th)
• Per capita
Decrease $58,931[5] (9th)
GDP (nominal)2020[5] estimate
• Total
Decrease $26 billion[5] (100th)
• Per capita
Decrease $38,769[5] (23rd)
Gini (2013)35[6]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.922[c]
very high · 17th
CurrencyMacanese Pataca (MOP)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (Macau Standard Time)
Date formatdd-mm-yyyy
Mains electricity220 V–50 Hz
Driving sideleft
Calling code+853
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD
License plate prefixesNone for local vehicles, 粤Z for cross-boundary vehicles
AbbreviationMO /


Macau or Macao, officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (MSAR), is a city and special administrative region of the People's Republic of China in the western Pearl River Delta by the South China Sea. With a population of about 680,000 and an area of 32.9 km2 (12.7 sq mi), it is the most densely populated region in the world.