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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Luxembourg

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

  • Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg  (Luxembourgish)
  • Grand-Duché de Luxembourg  (French)
  • Großherzogtum Luxemburg  (German)
Anthem: "Ons Heemecht"
("Our Homeland")

Location of Luxembourg (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark gray) – in the European Union (green)
Location of Luxembourg (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark gray)
– in the European Union (green)

Capital
and largest city
Luxembourg City[1]
49°48′52″N 06°07′54″E / 49.81444°N 6.13167°E / 49.81444; 6.13167Coordinates: 49°48′52″N 06°07′54″E / 49.81444°N 6.13167°E / 49.81444; 6.13167
Official languages
Nationality (2017)
Religion
(2018[2])
Demonym(s)Luxembourger
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch (list)
Henri
Xavier Bettel
LegislatureChamber of Deputies
Independence
• from the French Empire and elevation to Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
15 March 1815
• Independence in personal Union with the Netherlands (Treaty of London)
19 April 1839
• Reaffirmation of Independence Treaty of London
11 May 1867
23 November 1890
• Occupation during World War 1 by the German Empire
1 August 1914
• Liberation from the Greater German Reich
1944 / 1945
• Admitted to the United Nations
24 October 1945
• Founded the EEC[b]
1 January 1958
Area
• Total
2,586.4 km2 (998.6 sq mi) (167th)
• Water (%)
0.23 (as of 2015)[3]
Population
• March 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 633,622[4] (168th)
• 2011 census
512,353
• Density
242/km2 (626.8/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $66.848 billion[5] (99th)
• Per capita
Increase $112,045[5] (2nd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Decrease $69.453 billion[5] (69th)
• Per capita
Decrease $113,196[5] (1st)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 33.2[6]
medium · 19th
HDI (2019)Increase 0.916[7]
very high · 23rd
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Note: Although Luxembourg is located in Western European Time/UTC (Z) zone, since 1 June 1904, LMT (UTC+0:24:36) was abandoned and Central European Time/UTC+1 was adopted as standard time,[1] with a +0:35:24 offset (+1:35:24 during DST) from Luxembourg City's LMT.
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+352
ISO 3166 codeLU
Internet TLD.lub
  1. Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands.
  2. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.
  3. ^ "Field Listing – Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 3 May 2013.

Luxembourg

Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in Western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the four official capitals of the European Union and the seat of the Court of Justice of the European Union, the highest judicial authority in the EU. Its culture, people, and languages are highly intertwined with its neighbors, making it a mixture of French and German cultures. It has three official languages: French, German, and the national language of Luxembourgish.