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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Luxembourg

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
  • Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg  (Luxembourgish)
  • Grand-Duché de Luxembourg  (French)
  • Großherzogtum Luxemburg  (German)
"Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn" (Luxembourgish)
"Nous voulons rester ce que nous sommes" (French)
"Wir wollen bleiben, was wir sind" (German)
"We want to remain what we are"
Anthem: "Ons Heemecht"
("Our Homeland")
Location of Luxembourg (dark green) – in Europe (green & dark gray) – in the European Union (green)
Location of Luxembourg (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark gray)
– in the European Union (green)

and largest city
Luxembourg City[1]
49°48′52″N 06°07′54″E / 49.81444°N 6.13167°E / 49.81444; 6.13167Coordinates: 49°48′52″N 06°07′54″E / 49.81444°N 6.13167°E / 49.81444; 6.13167
Official languages
National language: Luxembourgish

Administrative languages: Luxembourgish, French, German[a]

Nationality (2017)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Monarch
Xavier Bettel
LegislatureChamber of Deputies
• from the French Empire and elevation to Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
15 March 1815
• Independence in personal Union with the Netherlands (Treaty of London)
19 April 1839
• Reaffirmation of Independence Treaty of London
11 May 1867
23 November 1890
• Occupation during World War I by the German Empire
1 August 1914
• Liberation from the Greater German Reich
1944 / 1945
• Admitted to the United Nations
24 October 1945
• Founded the EEC[b]
1 January 1958
• Total
2,586.4 km2 (998.6 sq mi) (168th)
• Water (%)
0.23 (2015)[3]
• March 2021 estimate
Neutral increase 645,397[4] (168th)
• 2011 census
• Density
242/km2 (626.8/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $66.848 billion[5] (99th)
• Per capita
Increase $112,045[5] (2nd)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Decrease $69.453 billion[5] (69th)
• Per capita
Decrease $113,196[5] (1st)
Gini (2019)Negative increase 32.3[6]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.916[7]
very high · 23rd
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Note: Although Luxembourg is located in Western European Time/UTC (Z) zone, since 1 June 1904, LMT (UTC+0:24:36) was abandoned and Central European Time/UTC+1 was adopted as standard time,[1] with a +0:35:24 offset (+1:35:24 during DST) from Luxembourg City's LMT.
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+352
ISO 3166 codeLU
Internet TLD.lub
  1. Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands.
  2. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.
  3. ^ "Field Listing – Distribution of family income – Gini index". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 3 May 2013.


Luxembourg, officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in Western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Its capital and largest city, Luxembourg City, is one of the four official capitals of the European Union and the seat of several EU agencies, notably the Court of Justice of the European Union, the highest judicial authority. Luxembourg's culture, people, and languages are highly intertwined with its French and German neighbors; while Luxembourgish is legally the only national language of the Luxembourgish people, French and German are used in administrative and judicial matters and jointly considered administrative languages of the country.