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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Libya

State of Libya
دولة ليبيا  (Arabic)
Dawlat Lībiyā
Stato della Libia  (Italian)
Anthem: ليبيا ليبيا ليبيا
"Libya, Libya, Libya"
Location of Libya (dark green) in northern Africa
Location of Libya (dark green) in northern Africa
and largest city
32°52′N 13°11′E / 32.867°N 13.183°E / 32.867; 13.183
Official languagesArabic[b]
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
Arab-Berber 97%[2]
Others 3%[2]
97% Islam (official)
2.7% Christianity
0.3% Others
GovernmentUnitary directorial parliamentary republic
Mohamed al-Menfi
Musa Al-Koni
Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh (disputed)[n 1]
Aguila Saleh Issa
LegislatureHouse of Representatives
• Independence declared
10 February 1947
24 December 1951
1 September 1969
2 March 1977
17 February 2011
• Total
1,759,541 km2 (679,363 sq mi) (16th)
• 2022 estimate
7,054,493[3] (104th)
• 2006 census
• Density
3.74/km2 (9.7/sq mi) (218th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $128.281 billion[4] (92nd)
• Per capita
Increase $18,345[4] (121st)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $50.326 billion[4] (90th)
• Per capita
Increase $7,197[4] (146th)
HDI (2019)Increase 0.724[5]
high · 105th
CurrencyLibyan dinar (LYD)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
Driving sideright
Calling code+218
ISO 3166 codeLY
Internet TLD.ly
  1. ^ United Nations note concerning official name: "Following the adoption by the General Assembly of resolution 66/1, the Permanent Mission of Libya to the United Nations formally notified the United Nations of a Declaration by the National Transitional Council of 3 August changing the official name of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya to "Libya" and changing Libya's national flag."
  2. ^ The official language is simply identified as "Arabic" (Constitutional Declaration, article 1).
  3. ^ The UK and France held a joint condominium over Libya through the United Nations Trusteeship Council.


Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest. Libya is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica. With an area of almost 700,000 square miles, it is the fourth-largest country in Africa and the Arab world, and the 16th-largest in the world. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves in the world. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over three million of Libya's seven million people.