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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Lebanon

Republic of Lebanon
ٱلْجُمْهُورِيَّةُ ٱللُّبْنَانِيَّةُ (Arabic)
al-jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah
République libanaise (French)
Anthem: كلّنا للوطن  (Arabic)
Koullouna lilouataan lil oula lil alam
(English: All of us! For our Country!)
Location of Lebanon (in green)
Location of Lebanon (in green)
Lebanon - Location Map (2012) - LBN - UNOCHA.svg
and largest city
33°54′N 35°32′E / 33.900°N 35.533°E / 33.900; 35.533
Official languagesArabic[nb 1]
Recognised languagesFrench
Local vernacularLebanese Arabic
Ethnic groups
(Estimated[nb 4])
GovernmentUnitary confessionalist parliamentary republic[8]
• President
Michel Aoun
Najib Mikati
Nabih Berri
1 September 1920
23 May 1926
• Independence declared
22 November 1943
• French mandate ended
24 October 1945
• Withdrawal of French forces
17 April 1946
24 May 2000
30 April 2005
• Total
10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi) (161st)
• Water (%)
• 2018 estimate
6,859,408[9][10] (109th)
• Density
560/km2 (1,450.4/sq mi) (21st)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $78.910 billion[11]
• Per capita
Decrease $11,561[11] (66th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $19.008 billion[11] (82nd)
• Per capita
Decrease $2,785[11]
Gini (2011)Positive decrease 31.8[12]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.744[13]
high · 92nd
CurrencyLebanese pound (LBP)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright[14]
Calling code+961[15]
ISO 3166 codeLB
Internet TLD.lb


Lebanon, officially the Republic of Lebanon or the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia. It is located between Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus lies to its west across the Mediterranean Sea; its location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland has contributed to its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious diversity. It is part of the Levant region of the Middle East. Lebanon is home to roughly six million people and covers an area of 10,452 square kilometres (4,036 sq mi), making it one of the smallest countries in the world. The official language of the state is Arabic, while French is also formally recognized; the Lebanese dialect of Arabic is used alongside Modern Standard Arabic throughout the country.