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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Lebanon

Lebanese Republic

ٱلْجُمْهُورِيَّةُ ٱللُّبْنَانِيَّةُ (Arabic)
al-Jumhūrīyah al-Lubnānīyah
République libanaise  (French)
Anthem: "كلّنا للوطن"  (Arabic)
"Kullunā li-l-waṭan"
"All of us! For our Country!" (English)
Location of Lebanon
Capital
and largest city
Beirut
33°54′N 35°32′E / 33.900°N 35.533°E / 33.900; 35.533
Official languagesArabic[nb 1]
Recognised languagesFrench
Local vernacularLebanese Arabic[nb 2]
Ethnic groups
(2021[1][2][3])
Religion
Demonym(s)Lebanese
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary confessionalist constitutional republic[5]
• President
Michel Aoun
Hassan Diab
Nabih Berri
LegislatureParliament
Establishment
1 September 1920
23 May 1926
• Independence declared
22 November 1943
• French mandate ended
24 October 1945
• Withdrawal of French forces
17 April 1946
24 May 2000
30 April 2005
Area
• Total
10,452 km2 (4,036 sq mi) (161st)
• Water (%)
1.8
Population
• 2018 estimate
6,859,408[6][7] (109th)
• Density
560/km2 (1,450.4/sq mi) (21st)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
$91 billion[8]
• Per capita
$11,562[8] (66th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$18 billion[8] (82nd)
• Per capita
$2,745[8]
GiniPositive decrease 50.7
high
HDI (2019)Increase 0.744[9]
high · 92nd
CurrencyLebanese pound (LBP)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Driving sideright [10]
Calling code+961[11]
ISO 3166 codeLB
Internet TLD.lb

Lebanon

Lebanon, officially known as the Lebanese Republic, is a country in Western Asia. It is bordered by Syria to the north and east and Israel to the south, while Cyprus lies just west of it across the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon's location at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian hinterland has contributed to its rich history and shaped a cultural identity of religious diversity. It covers an area of just 10,452 km2 (4,036 mi2), with a population of some 6 million, and is one of the smallest countries in Asia. Arabs form the vast majority of the country's population, while Arabic is the official language, and spoken Lebanese Arabic is used alongside Modern Standard Arabic in daily life.