• (230) 4278861, 4260399

Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz Republic
  • Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyz)
    Kyrǵyz Respublikasy
  • Кыргызская Республика (Russian)
    Kyrgyzskaya Respublika
Anthem: Кыргыз Республикасынын Мамлекеттик Гимни (Kyrgyz)
"National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic"
Location of Kyrgyzstan (dark green)
Location of Kyrgyzstan (dark green)
Capital
and largest city
Bishkek
42°52′N 74°36′E / 42.867°N 74.600°E / 42.867; 74.600
Official languagesKyrgyz (national/state) • Russian (official)[1]
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
(2021[3])
Religion
Demonym(s)Kyrgyz, Kyrgyzstani
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
• President
Sadyr Japarov
Akylbek Japarov
Talant Mamytov
LegislatureSupreme Council
Independence
from USSR and Russia
840
• From Russia
27 November 1917
5 December 1936
31 August 1991
21 December 1991
26 December 1991
2 March 1992
Area
• Total
199,951 km2 (77,202 sq mi) (85th)
• Water (%)
3.6
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase 6,729,363[2] (111th)
• 2009 census
5,362,800
• Density
27.4/km2 (71.0/sq mi) (176th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $37.79 billion[5] (134th)
• Per capita
Increase $5,562[5] (149th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
• Total
Increase $9.02 billion[5] (151th)
• Per capita
Increase $1,327[5] (166th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 27.7[6]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.697[7]
medium · 120th
CurrencyKyrgyzstani som (c) (KGS)
Time zoneUTC+6 (KGT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+996
ISO 3166 codeKG
Internet TLD.kg

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan, historically known as Kirghizia, officially the Kyrgyz Republic, is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south, and China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek. Ethnic Kyrgyz make up the majority of the country's six million people, followed by significant minorities of Uzbeks and Russians. The Kyrgyz language is closely related to other Turkic languages.