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Protection & Enforcement of IPRs in Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyz Republic
Кыргыз Республикасы (Kyrgyz)
Anthem: Кыргыз Республикасынын Мамлекеттик Гимни
"National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic"
Location of Kyrgyzstan (green)
Location of Kyrgyzstan (green)
Capital
and largest city
Bishkek
42°52′N 74°36′E / 42.867°N 74.600°E / 42.867; 74.600
Official languagesKyrgyz
Co-official
Russian[1]
Ethnic groups
(2019[3])
Religion
Demonym(s)Kyrgyz
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Sadyr Japarov
Ulukbek Maripov
Talant Mamytov[4]
LegislatureSupreme Council
Independence
840
• From Russia
27 November 1917
5 December 1936
31 August 1991
21 December 1991
26 December 1991
2 March 1992
Area
• Total
199,951 km2 (77,202 sq mi) (85th)
• Water (%)
3.6
Population
• 2020 estimate
Increase 6,586,600[2] (110th)
• 2009 census
5,362,800
• Density
27.4/km2 (71.0/sq mi) (176th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $35.324 billion[6] (127th)
• Per capita
Increase $5,470[6] (134th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
Increase $8.455 billion[6] (141st)
• Per capita
Increase $1,309[6] (158th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 27.7[7]
low
HDI (2019)Increase 0.697[8]
medium · 120th
CurrencyKyrgyzstani som (c) (KGS)
Time zoneUTC+6 (KGT)
Driving sideright
Calling code+996
ISO 3166 codeKG
Internet TLD.kg

Kyrgyzstan

The Kyrgyz Republic, commonly known as Kyrgyzstan, is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the south, and China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek. Ethnic Kyrgyz make up the majority of the country's six million people, followed by significant minorities of Uzbeks and Russians. The Kyrgyz language is closely related to other Turkic languages, although Russian remains spoken and is a co-official language. Ninety percent of Kyrgyzstan's population are Muslim, with the majority of its population following Sunni Islam. In addition to its Turkic origins, Kyrgyz culture bears elements of Iranic, Mongolian and Russian influence.